Science Policy Branch (SPB)

What We Do:

The Science Policy Branch provides scientific leadership and advice on a wide range of drug abuse research and policy issues:

  • Synthesizes and disseminates information about NIDA-supported science and programmatic activities
  • Identifies, analyzes, and prepares briefing materials on behalf of the Institute
  • Provides timely responses to inquiries from Congress, other public agencies, professional organizations, and the public
  • Develops and provides scientific review of NIDA publications and multimedia initiatives
  • Monitors and coordinates NIDA’s response to broad policy issues related to drug use and addiction
  • Coordinates NIDA’s strategic planning, performance reporting, program evaluation, and OMB clearance for NIDA-sponsored data collections

Staff Biographies:

  • Emily Einstein, Ph.D., Branch Chief
    Dr. Einstein joined the Science Policy Branch, Office of Science Policy and Communications as Health Science Policy Analyst in January 2015. On the SPB team, Dr. Einstein develops materials to communicate the science of addictive drugs and substance use disorders to members of the public, the scientific community, and the government, with an emphasis on prescription opioids and heroin. Prior to joining OSPC, Dr. Einstein was an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Science and Technology Policy Fellow in the Office of Autism Research Coordination at NIMH. Dr. Einstein received her Ph.D. in neuroscience from Yale University, where her research was focused on the molecular and cellular mechanisms of opioid reward.
  • Ruben Baler, Ph.D., Health Scientist Administrator
    Dr. Ruben Baler joined the Science Policy Branch in NIDA’s Office of Science Policy and Communications in October 2004 as a Health Science Administrator. His early publications focused on gene promoter architecture and gene expression in the brain’s clock. At NIDA, he writes and lectures about the neurobiology of drug abuse and addiction for a range of audiences. Dr. Baler has gathered critical insight from diverse disciplines, which he combines to advance NIDA’s scientific mission as it intersects with cellular and molecular biology, genetics, immunology, bioinformatics, neuroscience, and neuroethics. Dr. Baler’s many contributions to other dissemination efforts include scientific writing (English and Spanish), teaching, public speaking to lay audiences, and fielding interview requests for a variety of print, radio, and broadcast media outlets. Prior to coming to NIDA, Dr. Baler worked at the National Institute of Mental Health, where he conducted basic research on the molecular basis of circadian gene expression in vertebrates. He received his Ph.D. in Microbiology and Molecular Biology from the University of Miami in 1993 and completed his postdoctoral training at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, specializing in Molecular Chronobiology.
  • David Bochner, Ph.D., Health Science Policy Analyst
    David Bochner joined the Science Policy Branch in June 2018. Prior to joining the SPB, Dr. Bochner worked in the Office of Science Policy in the NIH Office of the Director, where he focused on analyzing, evaluating, and communicating evidence to NIH staff, Congress, and the public about a variety of issues, including NIH’s priority-setting process and the impact of the NIH-funded research portfolio on health and the economy.  Prior to that, he was an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Science and Technology Policy Fellow in the same office. He holds a doctorate in Neuroscience from Stanford University, where his research was focused on mechanisms of neural plasticity, and a BA in Biology from Harvard University, with a focus on neurobiology.
  • Jessica Cotto, M.P.H., Health Science Policy Analyst
    Ms. Cotto joined the Science Policy Branch in 2009 and serves as a Health Science Policy Analyst.  Her primary responsibilities include analyzing data and synthesizing information from disparate sources to identify trends related to substance use and contributing to a variety of science-based materials to inform the public about drug use, abuse and addiction. She earned her Bachelor’s Degree in Cellular and Molecular Biology from San Diego State University and a Master’s of Public Health in Epidemiology and Biostatistics from George Washington University. Prior to NIDA, Ms. Cotto served as a Clinical Research Associate for The Children's National Medical Center, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and the National Cancer Institute.
  • Julie Frost, M.S., Health Science Policy Analyst
    Ms. Frost joined the Science Policy Branch in September 2019. Prior to joining SPB, she worked in the National Institute of Mental Health’s Office of Science Policy, Planning, and Communications where she planned, developed, and disseminated key communications for senior leadership, staff, Congress, and the public regarding Institute priorities, policies, scientific contributions, and strategic planning. Before entering the field of science policy, Ms. Frost conducted neuroimaging and neuropsychiatric research at the Medical College of Wisconsin, the Intramural Research Program at the National Institute of Mental Health, the Laureate Institute for Brain Research, and the National Intrepid Center of Excellence at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. Over the course of her neuroimaging research career, she investigated neurological, environmental, and psychosocial factors associated with typically-developed brain language systems, developmental dyslexia, childhood depression and anxiety, and traumatic brain injury. She earned her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in psychology with a focus on neuroscience from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
  • Beth Han, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H, Epidemiologist
    Dr. Beth Han joined the Science Policy Branch as an Epidemiologist in 2020. Prior to coming to NIDA, Dr. Han worked at the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, where she conducted research on addiction, substance use treatments, suicide prevention, mental illnesses, mental health care, and co-occurring disorders and related treatments. She is the recipient of the American Public Health Association's the 2003 James G. Zimmer New Investigator Research Award. Dr. Han has been elected a Fellow of the Gerontological Society of America and served as an editorial board member of The Gerontologist. She has authored or co-authored over 80 peer-reviewed journal articles and about 50 government reports and book chapters. Her articles have been published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Annals of Internal Medicine, Lancet Psychiatry, American Journal of Psychiatry, Addiction, Health Affairs, American Journal of Public Health, Medical Care, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, The Gerontologist, and many other journals, books, and government reports. Dr. Han’s research findings have been reported by NBC Nightly News, ABC, CBS, CNN, The Washington Post, The New York Times, U.S. News & World Report, NPR, and other media networks informing clinicians, policy makers, and the public about behavioral health issues, treatment gaps, and related clinical and policy implications.
  • Eric Wargo Ph.D., Science Writer
    Dr. Wargo currently serves as a Science Writer in the Science Policy Branch (SPB) of NIDA’s Office of Science Policy and Communications. Before coming to NIH in 2012, he was Editorial Director at the Association for Psychological Science in Washington, DC. There he managed two top-ranked journals: Current Directions in Psychological Science and Psychological Science in the Public Interest. In SPB, Dr. Wargo writes and edits a variety of materials for a range of audiences, including fact sheets, blog posts, and other web materials; treatment guides for clinicians; and responses to congressional inquiries and other special projects. He received a Ph.D. in Anthropology from Emory University in 2000.