Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs

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Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs for 8th Graders, 10th Graders, and 12th Graders; 2016 - 2019 (in percent)*
Drug Time Period 8th Graders 10th Graders 12th Graders
2016 2017 2018 2019 2016 2017 2018 2019 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alcohol Lifetime [22.80] 23.10 23.50 24.50 [43.40] 42.20 42.20 43.10 61.20 61.50 [58.50] 58.50
Past Year [17.60] 18.20 18.70 19.30 [38.30] 37.70 37.80 37.70 55.60 55.70 [53.30] 52.10
Past Month [7.30] 8.00 8.20 7.90 19.90 19.70 [18.60] 18.40 33.20 33.20 [30.20] 29.30
Daily 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.20 0.50 0.60 0.50 0.60 [1.30] 1.60 1.20 [1.70]
Cigarettes (any use) Lifetime [9.80] 9.40 9.10 10.00 [17.50] 15.90 16.00 14.20 [28.30] 26.60 [23.80] 22.30
Past Month [2.60] [1.90] 2.20 2.30 [4.90] 5.00 4.20 3.40 10.50 9.70 [7.60] [5.70]
Daily [0.90] [0.60] 0.80 0.80 [1.90] 2.20 1.80 1.30 4.80 4.20 3.60 [2.40]
1/2-pack+/day 0.30 0.20 0.30 0.20 [0.60] 0.70 0.70 0.50 1.80 1.70 1.50 [0.90]
E-cigarettes Past Month 6.20 - - - 11.00 - - - 12.50 - - -
Any Vaping Lifetime 17.50 18.50 [21.50] 24.30 29.00 30.90 [36.90] [41.00] 33.80 35.80 [42.50] 45.60
Past Year - 13.30 [17.60] 20.10 - 23.90 [32.30] 35.70 - 27.80 [37.30] 40.60
Past Month 6.20 6.60 [10.40] 12.20 11.00 13.10 [21.70] [25.00] 12.50 16.60 [26.70] [30.90]
Smokeless Tobacco Lifetime 6.90 6.20 6.40 7.10 10.20 9.10 10.00 9.20 14.20 [11.00] 10.10 9.80
Past Month 2.50 [1.70] 2.10 2.50 3.50 3.80 3.90 3.20 6.60 [4.90] 4.20 3.50
Daily 0.60 0.40 0.30 0.50 1.00 0.60 1.00 0.90 2.70 2.00 1.60 1.10
Illicit Drugs Lifetime [17.20] 18.20 18.70 20.40 33.70 34.30 [36.30] 37.50 48.30 48.90 [47.80] 47.40
Past Year [12.00] 12.90 13.40 14.80 26.80 27.80 [29.90] 31.00 38.30 39.90 [38.80] 38.00
Past Month [6.90] 7.00 7.30 8.50 15.90 17.20 [18.30] 19.80 24.40 24.90 24.00 23.70
Bath Salts Past Year 0.90 0.50 0.90 0.00 0.80 0.40 0.50 0.00 0.80 0.60 0.60 0.00
Cocaine Lifetime 1.40 1.30 1.40 1.20 2.10 2.10 2.60 2.50 3.70 4.20 3.90 3.80
Past Year 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.70 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.50 2.30 2.70 2.30 2.20
Past Month 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.90 1.20 1.10 1.00
Crack Cocaine Lifetime 0.90 0.80 0.90 0.90 0.80 0.80 1.00 0.90 1.40 1.70 1.50 1.70
Past Year 0.50 0.50 0.40 0.40 [0.40] 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.80 1.00 0.90 1.00
Past Month 0.20 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.50 0.60 0.50 0.70
GHB Past Year - - - - - - - - 0.90 0.40 - -
Hallucinogens Lifetime 1.90 1.90 2.20 2.40 4.40 4.20 3.90 4.70 6.70 6.70 6.60 6.90
Past Year 1.20 1.10 1.40 1.30 2.90 2.80 2.70 3.10 4.30 4.40 4.30 4.60
Past Month 0.60 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.90 1.10 0.80 [1.30] 1.40 1.60 1.40 1.80
Heroin Lifetime 0.50 0.70 0.60 0.70 0.60 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.70 0.70 0.80 0.60
Past Year 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.40
Past Month 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.10 0.10 [0.20] 0.20 0.30 0.20 0.30
Inhalants Lifetime [7.70] [8.90] 8.70 9.50 6.60 6.10 6.50 6.80 5.00 4.90 4.40 [5.30]
Past Year [3.80] [4.70] 4.60 4.70 2.40 2.30 2.40 2.80 1.70 1.50 1.60 1.90
Past Month 1.80 2.10 1.80 2.10 1.00 1.10 1.00 1.10 0.80 0.80 0.70 0.90
K2/Spice (Synthetic Marijuana) Past Year 2.70 [2.00] 1.60 [2.70] 3.30 2.70 2.90 2.60 3.50 3.70 3.50 3.30
Ketamine Past Year - 0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.20 1.20 0.70 0.70
LSD Lifetime 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.60 3.20 3.00 2.80 [3.60] 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.60
Past Year 0.80 0.90 0.90 0.90 2.10 2.10 2.00 2.30 3.00 3.30 3.20 3.60
Past Month 0.40 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.70 0.80 0.50 [1.10] 1.00 1.20 1.00 [1.40]
Marijuana/ Hashish Lifetime [12.80] 13.50 13.90 15.20 29.70 30.70 [32.60] 34.00 44.50 45.00 [43.60] 43.70
Past Year [9.40] 10.10 10.50 11.80 23.90 25.50 [27.50] 28.80 35.60 37.10 [35.90] 35.70
Past Month [5.40] 5.50 5.60 6.60 14.00 [15.70] 16.70 18.40 22.50 22.90 22.20 22.30
Daily [0.70] 0.80 0.70 [1.30] 2.50 2.90 3.40 [4.80] 6.00 5.90 5.80 6.40
MDMA Lifetime [1.70] 1.50 1.60 1.70 [2.80] 2.80 2.40 [3.20] [4.90] 4.90 4.10 3.30
Past Year [1.00] 0.90 1.10 1.10 [1.80] 1.70 1.40 1.70 [2.70] 2.60 2.20 2.20
Past Month 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.50 [0.50] 0.50 0.40 0.70 0.90 0.90 0.50 0.70
Methamphetamine Lifetime 0.60 0.70 0.70 0.90 [0.70] 0.90 0.80 0.70 1.20 1.10 0.70 0.80
Past Year 0.40 0.50 0.40 0.50 [0.40] 0.40 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.50 0.50
Past Month 0.30 0.20 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30
PCP Lifetime - - - - - - - - 0.00 - - -
Past Year - 0.00 0.00 - - 0.00 0.00 - 1.30 1.00 1.10 1.10
Past Month - - - - - - - - 0.00 - - -
Rohypnol Lifetime 0.90 0.60 0.70 0.60 1.00 0.70 0.50 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Past Year 0.50 0.40 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.30 0.30 0.60 1.10 0.80 0.70 0.50
Past Month 0.20 0.10 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Salvia Past Year 0.90 [0.40] 0.60 0.80 0.90 0.90 0.70 0.90 1.80 1.50 0.90 0.70
Any Prescription Drug Lifetime - - - 0.00 - - - 0.00 18.00 16.50 15.50 14.60
Past Year - - - 0.00 - - - 0.00 12.00 10.90 [9.90] [8.60]
Past Month - - - 0.00 - - - 0.00 5.40 4.90 4.20 [3.60]
Adderall Past Year 1.50 1.30 1.80 2.50 4.20 4.00 4.10 3.10 6.20 5.50 [4.60] 3.90
Amphetamine Lifetime [5.70] 5.70 5.90 6.80 8.80 8.20 8.60 8.20 10.00 9.20 8.60 7.70
Past Year 3.50 3.50 3.70 4.10 6.10 5.60 5.70 5.20 6.70 5.90 5.50 [4.50]
Past Month 1.70 1.70 1.80 2.20 2.70 2.50 2.40 2.40 3.00 2.60 2.40 2.00
Cough Medicine (non-prescription) Past Year 2.60 2.10 2.80 3.20 3.00 3.60 3.30 2.60 4.00 3.20 3.40 2.50
Narcotics other than Heroin Lifetime - - - 0.00 - - - 0.00 7.80 6.80 6.00 5.30
Past Year - - - 0.00 - - - 0.00 4.80 4.20 3.40 [2.70]
Past Month - - - 0.00 - - - 0.00 1.70 1.60 1.10 1.00
OxyContin Past Year 0.90 0.80 0.80 1.20 2.10 2.20 2.20 2.00 3.40 2.70 2.30 1.70
Ritalin Past Year 0.80 [0.40] 0.50 1.00 1.20 0.80 - 0.70 [1.20] 1.30 0.90 1.10
Steroids Lifetime 0.90 1.10 1.10 [1.50] 1.30 1.10 1.20 [1.60] [1.60] 0.60 1.60 1.60
Past Year 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.80 0.70 0.70 0.60 0.80 [1.00] 1.10 1.10 1.00
Past Month 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.70 0.80 0.80 0.70
Tranquilizers Lifetime 3.00 3.40 3.50 4.00 6.10 6.00 6.00 5.70 7.60 7.50 6.60 6.10
Past Year 1.70 2.00 2.00 2.40 4.10 4.10 3.90 3.40 4.90 4.70 3.90 3.40
Past Month 0.80 0.70 0.90 [1.20] 1.50 1.50 1.30 1.30 1.90 2.00 1.30 1.30
Vicodin Past Year 0.80 0.70 0.60 0.90 1.70 1.50 1.10 1.10 [2.90] [2.00] 1.70 [1.10]
JUUL Lifetime - - - 18.90 - - - 32.80 - - - 0.00
Past Year - - - 14.70 - - - 28.70 - - - 0.00
Past Month - - - 8.50 - - - 18.50 - - - 16.30

* Data in brackets indicate statistically significant change from the previous year.

The use of any prescription drug includes use of any of the following: amphetamines, sedatives (barbiturates), narcotics other than heroin, or tranquilizers “…without a doctor telling you to use them.”

In 2017, the surveys switched from asking about vaping in general to asking separately about vaping nicotine, marijuana, and just flavoring. Beginning in 2017, data presented for Any Vaping are based on these new questions.