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Substance use disorders extremely common among previously incarcerated youth

Science Spotlight

March 18, 2016

teenager under arrest©iStock/AlexRaths

New research funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse revealed that of previously incarcerated youths, more than 90% of males and nearly 80% of females had a substance use disorder at some point in their lifetime. The longitudinal study randomly sampled 1,829 youth -- ages 10-18 years who entered detention in Cook County, Illinois from 1995-1998 -- and examined how lifetime and past-year prevalence of substance use disorders differed by sex, race/ethnicity and substances abused as the group grew to young adulthood. The participants were re-interviewed up to nine times over 16 years and were assessed for substance-use disorders involving alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogen/PCP, opiate, amphetamine, inhalant, sedative and other unspecified drugs.

Other key findings included:

  • Males had higher lifetime prevalence of alcohol and marijuana use disorder whereas females had higher lifetime prevalence of cocaine, opiate, amphetamine, and sedative disorders. Additionally, the prevalence of substance use disorders among females declined more rapidly than among males.
  • Non-Hispanic whites had more than 30 times the odds of having cocaine use disorder than African Americans.
  • Prevalence of any substance use disorder (including alcohol and all drugs) dropped as youth aged.
  • The most common substance use disorders changed as youth aged. At younger ages, marijuana was the most prevalent substance use disorder.  By the end of the study (median age 28), alcohol use disorder surpassed marijuana use disorder.

The findings suggest that substance use disorders after detention differed significantly by sex, race/ethnicity, and substance abused.

For a copy of the abstract, "Health Disparities in Drug and Alcohol Use Disorder: A 12-Year Longitudinal Study of Youths After Detention," published in the American Journal of Public Health, go to http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2015.303032.

For more information about drug use among college-age and young adults, go to: https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/college-age-young-adults

For more information, contact the NIDA press office at media@nida.nih.gov or 301-443-6245. Follow NIDA on Twitter and Facebook.

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About the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a component of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIDA supports most of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug use and addiction. The Institute carries out a large variety of programs to inform policy, improve practice, and advance addiction science. Fact sheets on the health effects of drugs and information on NIDA research and other activities can be found at www.drugabuse.gov, which is now compatible with your smartphone, iPad or tablet. To order publications in English or Spanish, call NIDA’s DrugPubs research dissemination center at 1-877-NIDA-NIH or 240-645-0228 (TDD) or email requests to drugpubs@nida.nih.gov. Online ordering is available at drugpubs.drugabuse.gov. NIDA’s media guide can be found at www.drugabuse.gov/publications/media-guide/dear-journalist, and its easy-to-read website can be found at www.easyread.drugabuse.gov. You can follow NIDA on Twitter and Facebook.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

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    NIDA. (2016, March 18). Substance use disorders extremely common among previously incarcerated youth. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2016/03/substance-use-disorders-extremely-common-among-previously-incarcerated-youth

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