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CJ-DATS Phase I Studies - Understanding Systems

Revised January 2013

National Criminal Justice Treatment Practices Survey (Treatment)

PI: Faye Taxman, Ph.D. (U01DA016213)

The National Criminal Justice Treatment Practices Survey provided estimates of the prevalence of certain treatment delivery practices within the criminal justice system and expanded our understanding of the organizational and structural issues that influence practice. The survey provides a platform for the development of a new generation of research regarding systems issues by identifying general trends in the delivery of services and the influencing factors.

The primary purposes of this study were to:

  • Describe current drug treatment practices and delivery systems for offenders including the policies, philosophy, resources, and organizational structure of the delivery systems.
  • Develop a common set of organizational and system measures of drug treatment practices in correctional settings, including system integration measures.
  • Understand the role of organizational factors and dynamics in the drug treatment practices and systems integration within the research cooperative and nationally.

COD Survey: National Criminal Justice Treatment Practices (NCJTP) Survey Of Co-occurring Substance Use and Mental Disorders (COD) Treatment Facilities in Criminal Justice Settings

PI:  Gerald Melnick, Ph.D. (R01DA015264)

The COD Survey extended the NCJTP with the goal of increasing knowledge about the service delivery and organizational practices for offenders with co-occurring disorders in the criminal justice system. The sample included wardens/directors of prisons and jails; administrators in charge for probation and parole offices; and directors of outpatient substance abuse treatment programs that treat criminal justice clients (a total of 1046 adult and juvenile facilities) previously included in the NCJTP.

The goals of the study were to:

  • Describe the services available to offenders evincing co-occurring substance use and mental disorders.
  • Depict the organizational practices of the agencies that provide services to offenders with co-occurring disorders.
  • Explain the relationship between organizational practices and the provision of services for offenders with co-occurring disorders.


PI: Faye Taxman, Ph.D. (R01DA010705)

The e-Court project was intended to address practical needs involving monitoring and reporting on drug courts nationally while also building basic knowledge on technology transfer and the role of technology in advancing program implementation and effectiveness.

Specific aims included:

  • Develop and test a management information system (MIS) for monitoring performance at the individual (client) and program level that can be readily adopted and implemented in drug courts receiving federal funding.  The system was designed to record and facilitate case management activities of line staff, generate reports the court can use to monitor progress and inform development, and provide data needed for the federal Office of Justice Programs to describe court practices and assess performance.  
  • Assess how drug courts used web-based technology and examine the role of various organizational factors in the adoption and effective use of a web-based MIS developed for the drug court setting.
  • Investigate the actual and potential impacts of information technology on drug court performance in the areas of case management, client compliance with treatment and supervision mandates, integration of justice and service systems, and the provision of effective treatment to drug court clients.

This page was last updated January 2013