Medications are an important element of treatment for many patients, especially when combined with counseling and other behavioral therapies. Methadone and levo-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) are very effective in helping individuals who are addicted to heroin or other opiates stabilize their lives and reduce their illicit drug use. Naltrexone is also an effective medication for some opiate addicts and some patients with co-occurring addiction to alcohol. For persons addicted to nicotine, a nicotine replacement product (such as patches or gum) or an oral medication (such as bupropion) can be an effective component of treatment. For patients with mental disorders, both behavioral treatments and medications can be critically important.
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NIDA (2016). Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction: What Science Says. Retrieved , from https://www.drugabuse.gov/understanding-drug-abuse-addiction-what-science-says
Explores the consequences of drug abuse on the brain and body and introduces the topics of prevention, and treatment.