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What Is the Scope of HIV/AIDS in the United States?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.2 million people are infected with HIV in the United States and that 1 in 5 (20 percent) are unaware that they are infected. In 2010, over 47,000 people were newly diagnosed with HIV, the majority of whom were men. HIV infection is over-represented in the African-American community: African-Americans make up almost one-half of the newly diagnosed cases, followed by Whites and Hispanics.

Number and Percentage of HIV-infected Persons Engaged at Each Stage of HIV Care HIV-infected: 1,178,350 - HIV-diagnosed: 941,950 - Linked to HIV care: 725,302 - Retained in HIV care: 480,395 - On HAART: 426,590 - Suppressed viral load (less/egual 200 copies/mL): 328,475Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR 2011, 60(47):1618-1623.

Effective treatments have dramatically decreased the number of deaths from AIDS since the peak years of the epidemic (1993–1998); however, more than 17,000 people still died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2009. In fact, even among those diagnosed with HIV, a substantial proportion do not receive proper care or remain in treatment (see figure).8 Additionally, the trend of people living longer with HIV presents new, long-term healthcare challenges for this population.

This page was last updated July 2012

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NIDA. (2012, July 1). HIV/AIDS. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/hivaids

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This series of reports simplifies the science of research findings for the educated lay public, legislators, educational groups, and practitioners. The series reports on research findings of national interest.

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