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References

  1. National Drug Threat Assessment. U.S. Department of Justice, National Drug Intelligence Center; 2011. www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs44/44849/44849p.pdf.
  2. Birnbaum HG, White AG, Schiller M, Waldman T, Cleveland JM, Roland CL. Societal costs of prescription opioid abuse, dependence, and misuse in the United States. Pain Med Malden Mass. 2011;12(4):657-667. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4637.2011.01075.x
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Excessive Drinking Is Draining the U.S. Economy.; 2016. https://www.cdc.gov/features/costsofdrinking/. Accessed April 21, 2017.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. drug overdose deaths continue to rise; increase fueled by synthetic opioids. https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2018/p0329-drug-overdose-deaths.html. Published March 29, 2018. Accessed May 15, 2018.
  5. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health. The Health Consequences of Smoking – 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK179276/.
  6. Data Brief 294. Drug Overdose Deaths in the United States, 1999–2016. National Center for Health Statistics. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db294_table.pdf#page=4.
  7. Hasin DS, Saha TD, Kerridge BT, et al. Prevalence of Marijuana Use Disorders in the United States Between 2001–2002 and 2012–2013. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015;72(12): 1235-1242. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.1858
  8. Winters KC, Lee C-YS. Likelihood of developing an alcohol and cannabis use disorder during youth: Association with recent use and age. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008;92 (1-3):239-247. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.08.005
  9. Jones CM. Heroin use and heroin use risk behaviors among nonmedical users of prescription opioid pain relievers—United States, 2002–2004 and 2008–2010.Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013;132(1-2):95-100. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.007
  10. Muhuri PK, Gfroerer JC, Davies MC. Associations of Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use and Initiation of Heroin Use in the United States. CBHSQ Data Rev. August 2013.
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NIDA. (2018, July 2). Media Guide. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/media-guide

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