Published May 2015.
Women and men face unique issues when it comes to substance use. Some of these differences result from biology, or being genetically female or male. Researchers call these sex differences. Other differences are based on whether a person self-identifies as male or female, and how society and a person’s cultural environment respond differently to these identities. This is referred to as gender differences. Sex and gender can interact with each other to create even more complex differences between men and women.