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NIDA Notes Articles: All

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Integrated Intervention Benefits People Who Inject Drugs and Have HIV

November 2018
In this international trial, participants who received the intervention engaged in HIV treatment, achieved viral suppression at higher rates, and died at half the rate of participants in a control group.

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Cocaine-Induced Increase in an Immune Protein Promotes Addiction Behaviors in Mice

October 2018
Cocaine produces a portion of its rewarding effects by increasing levels of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) in the brain’s reward center. Treatments that prevent G-CSF signaling in the nucleus accumbens might reduce motivation to use cocaine.

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Prescription Opioid Misuse Treatment Leverages Mindfulness To Amplify Natural Rewards

October 2018
Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE) reduces opioid misuse among chronic pain patients. MORE shifts patients' attention away from drug cues and toward cues for natural rewards.

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Study Shows Impact of Social Interactions on Addictive Behavior

October 2018
NIDA's Dr. Marco Venniro discusses his new study which finds that social interactions can have a profound effect on behaviors related to addiction, and on the brain’s response to drug-associated cues.

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Switching to Reduced-Nicotine Cigarettes May Aid in Quitting Smoking

October 2018
Smokers who switch to cigarettes with very low nicotine content may experience mild and transient increases in some withdrawal symptoms. Cigarettes with reduced nicotine will be easier to quit than the cigarettes marketed at present.

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Facts for Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder (OUD)

September 2018
NIDA's Clinical Trial's Initiative (CTN) video provides an overview of Buprenorphine, a semi-synthetic opioid, used in the treatment of adults with opioid use disorder. The video highlights the opioid epidemic in the USA, the potential benefits and risks of the prescription of opioids for pain management including the risk of the development of opioid use disorder.

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How Cocaine Cues Get Planted in the Brain

September 2018
An epigenetic mechanism underlies the powerful cocaine–environment associations that promote relapse.

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2017 Survey Results of College-age Youth Drug and Alcohol Use

September 2018
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Director, Dr. Nora Volkow discusses the 2017 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey findings on substance use among college-age youth. Dr. Volkow briefly shares results on drug and alcohol use, including vaping and marijuana.

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Proven Prevention Program Aims To Adapt for Native Americans

August 2018
A survey that is a key tool in the Communities That Care prevention system is largely valid in Native American communities. Adjusting the survey to incorporate culturally specific risk and protective factors can improve its usefulness.

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