October 2006 Introduces four new members to NIDA’s National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse, including Drs. Warren K. Bickel, Ellie E. Schoenbaum, and Marina E. Wolf, and Ms. Janet Wood.
Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.
Summarizes an animal study of the neural changes in the amygdala portion of the brain that occur as a result of cocaine exposure followed by withdrawal of the drug.
Reports on a study that documenting changing emotional and neurobiological responses to cocaine with successive doses during a single session of drug taking.
April 2007 Announces the recipient of a 2006 award for innovation in research on drug addiction and alcoholism, Dr. Yavin Shaham, and describes his research which focused on the stress-induced drug use relapse.
Reports on research that successfully traced rats’ liking for sweets to a 1-cubic millimeter site in the medial shell of the nucleus accumbens in the brain.
Discusses the central importance of studying drugs' effects on neurotransmission and describes some of the most common experimental methods used in this research.
Presents highlights of a study indicating that exposure to morphine during adolescence may increase sensitivity to the drug during adulthood.
Reports on two studies indicating that orexin, a neuropeptide that stimulates eating and regulates wakefulness, also fosters animals' drug seeking and craving responses to drugs.
Describes an NIH-wide obesity task force and research plan and explores some of the links between addiction and compulsive eating.