September 2008 Describes new tools under development, including one to visualize cells deep in the brain and another one that remotely activates brain cells.
September 2008 Presents research findings linking 89 genes to drug abuse and dependence, found using genome-wide association studies, a new technique for identifying genes.
September 2008 Describes research findings demonstrating that the immune system participates in the shaping of brain circuits during a child's development, a finding that may shed light on the origins of neurodegenerative diseases.
June 2008 Reports on scientists who pinpointed the biochemical trigger from morphine that sets off a chain reaction that inhibits an immune cell that is key in fighting viruses and cancer.
June 2008 Reports on research showing that newborns whose mothers abused methamphetamine during pregnancy showed lower rates of fetal growth as compared with unexposed newborns.
June 2008 Reports on evidence that toluene abuse can harm the nervous system and body, although scientists know relatively little about its specific actions.
June 2008 Reports on a study involving researchers who successfully desensitized mice to cocaine by genetically altering their dopamine transporters.
March 2008 Summarizes research on the effects of long-term regular cocaine abuse on the cardiovascular system in African Americans.
March 2008 Describes a study showing that cocaine, which increases dopamine levels, also can tap into an intracellular dopamine reserve pool.
March 2008 Describes the work of researchers who have found a statistical link between one region on chromosome 17 and an increased risk of opioid dependence.