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NIDA Notes Articles: Public Health

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Prevention System Has Lasting Effects, Benefit Exceeds Costs

July 2012
Towns that implemented a drug abuse prevention program called Communities That Care will see a return of $5.30 for each $1 they invested during the 5-year trial of the intervention, according to a cost-benefit analysis. The estimate is based on reductions in smoking and delinquency observed during the fourth year of the study among eighth-graders and the projected total costs of smoking, delinquency, and crime avoided over the lifetimes of study participants.

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Elevated Rates of Drug Abuse Continue for Second Year

June 2012
Illicit drug use in the United States in 2010 was at its highest level since 2002, according to the most recent report from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. A rise in marijuana use drove the increase. A favorable trend of falling cocaine use continued.

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Tobacco Smokers Have High Probability of Transition to Dependence

April 2012
First-time smokers have a much higher chance of eventually becoming dependent than first-time users alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine.

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Nicotine Dependence Linked to Higher Rates of Mental Disorders Among Teens

March 2012
A study of teenagers in Chicago public schools finds higher rates of psychiatric disorders among those with more symptoms of nicotine dependence.

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Girls More Likely Than Boys to Use Ecstasy

November 2011
Lifetime ecstasy use is more prevalent among adolescent girls than among adolescent boys, according to an analysis of 2002–2008 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

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High Rates of Illegal Drug Use Among Alcohol-Dependent Adults

July 2011
Highlights data on the prevalence of rates of illegal drug use and nonmedical use of prescription drugs among adults dependant on alcohol, as compared with the general population.

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Menthol May Strengthen Nicotine Addiction

March 2011
Reports on a study of Latino and African-American smokers of menthol cigarettes who did not benefit as much from a month-long smoking cessation program as smokers of non-menthol cigarettes.

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Teenage Marijuana Use Is on the Rise

March 2011
Reports 2010 rates of marijuana use among 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students, noting that daily use increased by more than 10 percent in all three grades since the 2009 survey. Also reports a rise in ecstasy use.

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Fewer Girls Are Smoking, But Change Is Uneven

March 2011
Reports 2010 rates of cigarette smoking among eighth girls, providing historical data and racial and ethnic differences.

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Substance Abuse Evaluated Among Women With Children

December 2010
Discusses rates of substance use or abuse among mothers with at-home children and the factors that may contribute to the abuse.


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