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NIDA Notes Articles: Tobacco

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Women Benefit From Policies To Prevent Teens From Buying Tobacco

November 2013
Women who reached their majority in states with policies that restricted teens’ access to tobacco products were less likely to smoke from ages 18-34 than women in states without those policies. The research did not demonstrate that the policies had a comparable impact on men’s smoking.

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Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program

April 2012
NIDA’s Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program focuses on gender-specific addiction risk factors and treatment needs.

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Vouchers Improve Mothers’ Smoking Abstinence and Newborns’ Weight

April 2012
Pregnant women who received financial incentives to refrain from smoking during late pregnancy were more successful at remaining abstinent and less likely to have babies with low birth weight, according to data from three trials.

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Vouchers Boost Smoking Abstinence During Pregnancy

April 2010
Describes a voucher-based reinforcement therapy trial with pregnant smokers to determine its effectiveness in enhancing abstinence rates.

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Varenicline Helps People With Mental Illness Maintain Abstinence From Smoking

November 2014
The finding from an 18-month-long clinical trial strengthens hope that pharmacotherapy can break nicotine’s especially tenacious hold on people with serious mental illness such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.

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Vaccine May Reduce Fetal Exposure to Nicotine

April 2007
Describes research on a vaccine developed to facilitate smoking cessation by blocking nicotine penetration into the brain.

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Tobacco Smokers Have High Probability of Transition to Dependence

April 2012
First-time smokers have a much higher chance of eventually becoming dependent than first-time users alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine.

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Teen Substance Abuse Continues to Decline

March 2008
Reports on the prevalence of substance abuse among youth based on 2007 data from a national survey of behaviors, attitudes, and values.

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Switching to Reduced-Nicotine Cigarettes May Aid in Quitting Smoking

October 2018
Smokers who switch to cigarettes with very low nicotine content may experience mild and transient increases in some withdrawal symptoms. Cigarettes with reduced nicotine will be easier to quit than the cigarettes marketed at present.

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Substance Abuse and Sexual Risk Show Town-Gown Divide

December 2009
Compares data on substance abuse and sexual risk among college students and their peers who do not attend college.

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