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NIDA Notes Articles: Cocaine

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Recovery May Be Harder for Adolescents, Animal Study Suggests

December 2009
Reports animal study findings that suggest adolescents' heightened sensitivity to drug reward puts them at enhanced risk of addiction and may also increase their challenges in recovery.

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Test Substance Attenuates Signs of Cocaine Withdrawal in Rats

December 2009
Reports on several drugs that may ward off depression and anxiety, common withdrawal symptoms from cocaine, based on an animal study.

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Methadone Therapy in Prison Benefits Men a Year Out

November 2009
Describes clinical trial results providing evidence that methadone maintenance to men in prison can pay off in better retention in community treatment and reduced drug abuse following their release.

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United States Ranks First in Lifetime Use of Three Drugs

November 2009
Highlights the disproportionately high rate of Americans who have used cocaine at some time during their lives as compared with other nations surveyed.

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Combined Treatments Improve Dual Abstinence

October 2009
Reports on a study investigating the effectiveness of a combined therapy of disulfiram and naltrexone for people who abuse cocaine and alcohol.

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Cocaine Locks Rats Into Unrewarding Behaviors

April 2009
Describes research with rats to better understand cocaine’s effect on the neural signaling in the learning circuits of the brain.

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Low Dopamine Receptor Availability May Promote Cocaine Addiction

April 2009
Describes findings from an animal study showing that cocaine lowers availability of dopamine receptors in the basal ganglia, an area of the brain that includes portions of the reward system.

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Methadone Reduces Rats' Cocaine Seeking

December 2008
Reports on an animal study showing that methadone, normally used as a therapy for opioid abuse, may prove to be an effective treatment for cocaine abuse.

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Reducing Postpartum Drug Use

December 2008
Highlights a computerized intervention that reduced new mothers' drug abuse in the first 4 months postpartum as reported in a clinical trial of 107 women who abused drugs.

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Aripiprazole Prevents Rats From Resuming Cocaine Seeking

December 2008
Reports on study results indicating a medication prescribed for schizophrenia and manic phases of bipolar disorder shows promise as a cocaine addiction treatment.

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