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NIDA Notes Articles: Relapse and Recovery

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Cigarette Smoking Increases the Likelihood of Drug Use Relapse

May 2018
Research suggests that helping patients quit and remain abstinent from smoking may improve their chances for sustained recovery from use of other drugs.

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New Insight Into How Cues Cause Relapse to Cocaine

May 2014
A brain response occurs in the nucleus accumbens when rats encounter a cue that they associate with previous cocaine self-administration, but not a cue associated with a pleasurable non-drug experience. Moreover, the response correlates in time and intensity with the animals’ cue-induced relapse to cocaine-seeking.

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Outcomes of Computerized CBT Rival Those of Clinician-Delivered CBT

June 2018
A clinical trial found that patients who self-administered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) using computerized training modules reduced their drug use as much as patients who received clinician-delivered CBT, and they maintained this advantage through a 6-month follow-up.

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Stressful Experiences Affect Likelihood of Remission of Drug Dependence, Continued Drug Use, and Relapse

February 2018
Stressful life events are associated with reductions in a person’s chances of becoming or remaining abstinent from drugs for at least 3 years.

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Study Ranks Recovery Assets in Cocaine Addiction

July 2015
A can-do attitude, ability to cope with potential triggers for drug use, readiness to change, and participation in self-help programs are major assets for people trying to recover from cocaine addiction.

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Text Messaging Aftercare Intervention Cuts Youths’ Risk for Relapse

June 2015
An interactive mobile texting aftercare program has shown promise as a means to help teens and young adults engage with post-treatment recovery activities and avoid relapse. The program reduced young people’s odds of relapsing by half compared with standard aftercare.

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