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NIDA Notes Articles: Medical Consequences

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NIDA Initiates Pediatrics Symposium on Adolescent Health

April 2009
Presents highlights of a symposium sponsored by NIDA in October 2008 to discuss adolescent brain and cognitive development and consider the impact of drug abuse on young people.

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Prenatal Nicotine Exposure May Damage Receptors That Influence Auditory Processing

April 2009
Reports on a series of animal experiments indicating that nicotine exposure during prenatal fetal development damages a set of receptors in the brain's auditory processing center.

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Animal Studies Elaborate Toluene's Effects

June 2008
Reports on evidence that toluene abuse can harm the nervous system and body, although scientists know relatively little about its specific actions.

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Methamphetamine Restricts Fetal Growth, Increases Lethargy in Newborns

June 2008
Reports on research showing that newborns whose mothers abused methamphetamine during pregnancy showed lower rates of fetal growth as compared with unexposed newborns.

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Behavioral Problems Related to Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Manifest Early in Childhood

June 2008
Describes research providing evidence that maternal smoking during pregnancy contributes to behavioral conduct disorders among toddlers, school-age children, and teens.

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Morphine-Induced Immunosuppression, From Brain to Spleen

June 2008
Reports on scientists who pinpointed the biochemical trigger from morphine that sets off a chain reaction that inhibits an immune cell that is key in fighting viruses and cancer.

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Reduced Longevity Among Male Heroin Abusers, 1962-1997

June 2008
Reviews the changing lifespan of heroin abusers as compared with that of the general U.S. population based on 1962-1997 data.

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Long-Term Cocaine Abuse Linked With Impaired Heart Function

March 2008
Summarizes research on the effects of long-term regular cocaine abuse on the cardiovascular system in African Americans.

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Study Links Anabolic Steroids to Brain Changes in Adolescent Female Mice

October 2007
Reports on an animal study finding that links anabolic steroids to brain changes in adolescent female mice, changes that can potentially lead to steroid abuse.

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Stress Response May Underlie African- Americans' Reduced Pain Tolerance

October 2006
Summarizes research suggesting a physiological difference as the explanation for African-Americans' reported low tolerance for pain.

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