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NIDA Notes Articles: Medical Consequences

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Prenatal Cocaine Exposure Increases Monkeys' Impulsivity Into Adulthood

July 2012
Prenatal drug exposure can have behavioral effects that last well into adulthood, according to two studies of adult monkeys prenatally exposed to cocaine. In the first study, drug-exposed monkeys exhibited less flexibility than controls in adjusting to changing circumstances; in the second study, drug-exposed males exhibited a greater preference than controls for having rewards right away, a sign of impulsivity.

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Prenatal Methamphetamine Exposure Linked With Problems

December 2012
Study findings indicate that children exposed to methamphetamine prenatally show more signs of increased emotionality, anxiety, and depression than nonexposed children at ages 3 and 5 years.

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Prenatal Nicotine Exposure May Damage Receptors That Influence Auditory Processing

April 2009
Reports on a series of animal experiments indicating that nicotine exposure during prenatal fetal development damages a set of receptors in the brain's auditory processing center.

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Prison Use of Medications for Opioid Addiction Remains Low

July 2011
Describes results from a nationwide survey among correctional facilities on the use of opioid replacement therapy for people who are addicted to heroin.

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Reality Videos Bring NIDA Scientists to Web Site for Teens

April 2010
Highlights new video clips on NIDA's Web site for teens that explore the dangers of drug abuse and that address questions from youth and their parents on the topic.

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Reduced Longevity Among Male Heroin Abusers, 1962-1997

June 2008
Reviews the changing lifespan of heroin abusers as compared with that of the general U.S. population based on 1962-1997 data.

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Research Focuses on Groups With High Smoking Rates

April 2012
Dr. Volkow discusses NIDA’s efforts to develop effective antismoking treatments for populations with persistently high rates of smoking, such as people with psychiatric disorders, high school dropouts, and Native Americans.

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Steroid Abuse Is a High-Risk Route to the Finish Line

October 2006
Highlights research on the effects of steroid use on the brain and the rest of the body, and stresses the need to educate young people about the serious health risks associated with its use.

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Stress Response May Underlie African- Americans' Reduced Pain Tolerance

October 2006
Summarizes research suggesting a physiological difference as the explanation for African-Americans' reported low tolerance for pain.

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Study Links Anabolic Steroids to Brain Changes in Adolescent Female Mice

October 2007
Reports on an animal study finding that links anabolic steroids to brain changes in adolescent female mice, changes that can potentially lead to steroid abuse.

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