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NIDA Notes Articles: Medical Consequences

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Substance Use Disorders Are Associated With Major Medical Illnesses and Mortality Risk in a Large Integrated Health Care System

October 2017
Strong associations exist between substance use disorder diagnoses and 19 major medical illnesses among patients in a large, integrated health care system. The study indicates that these associations may persist even in health care systems that provide specialized treatment for substance use disorders and have capacity to integrate behavioral and medical care.

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Substance Abuse Among Older Adults

December 2011
Understanding and responding to drug abuse among America’s aging population becomes more urgent as a growing percentage of baby boomers enter the over-50 age bracket.

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Study Links Anabolic Steroids to Brain Changes in Adolescent Female Mice

October 2007
Reports on an animal study finding that links anabolic steroids to brain changes in adolescent female mice, changes that can potentially lead to steroid abuse.

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Stress Response May Underlie African- Americans' Reduced Pain Tolerance

October 2006
Summarizes research suggesting a physiological difference as the explanation for African-Americans' reported low tolerance for pain.

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Steroid Abuse Is a High-Risk Route to the Finish Line

October 2006
Highlights research on the effects of steroid use on the brain and the rest of the body, and stresses the need to educate young people about the serious health risks associated with its use.

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Research Focuses on Groups With High Smoking Rates

April 2012
Dr. Volkow discusses NIDA’s efforts to develop effective antismoking treatments for populations with persistently high rates of smoking, such as people with psychiatric disorders, high school dropouts, and Native Americans.

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Reduced Longevity Among Male Heroin Abusers, 1962-1997

June 2008
Reviews the changing lifespan of heroin abusers as compared with that of the general U.S. population based on 1962-1997 data.

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Reality Videos Bring NIDA Scientists to Web Site for Teens

April 2010
Highlights new video clips on NIDA's Web site for teens that explore the dangers of drug abuse and that address questions from youth and their parents on the topic.

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Prison Use of Medications for Opioid Addiction Remains Low

July 2011
Describes results from a nationwide survey among correctional facilities on the use of opioid replacement therapy for people who are addicted to heroin.

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Prenatal Nicotine Exposure May Damage Receptors That Influence Auditory Processing

April 2009
Reports on a series of animal experiments indicating that nicotine exposure during prenatal fetal development damages a set of receptors in the brain's auditory processing center.

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