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Transition services for drug using, HIV-infected inmates leaving jail should be gender-specific

Science Spotlight

February 26, 2014


A NIDA-funded study shows that HIV-infected women who are released from jail are more likely to abuse cocaine, have co-occurring psychiatric disorders, and to have worse HIV treatment outcomes compared to men, underscoring the need for gender-specific interventions and services.

The findings show that six months after release, these women were half as likely to still be receiving care and medications for their HIV status, were more likely to report depression, were more likely to have serious psychiatric disorders but were less likely to be receiving psychiatric care.  With such negative health outcomes, there is high risk of HIV transmission to their sexual partners, and there is a public health need to develop effective gender-specific interventions.

For a copy of the study abstract (published online January 16), go to: http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301553. For facts on drug abuse and HIV, go to /related-topics/hivaids.

For more information, contact the NIDA press office at media@nida.nih.gov or 301-443-6245.

NIDA Press Office

About the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a component of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIDA supports most of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug use and addiction. The Institute carries out a large variety of programs to inform policy, improve practice, and advance addiction science. Fact sheets on the health effects of drugs and information on NIDA research and other activities can be found at www.drugabuse.gov, which is now compatible with your smartphone, iPad or tablet. To order publications in English or Spanish, call NIDA’s DrugPubs research dissemination center at 1-877-NIDA-NIH or 240-645-0228 (TDD) or email requests to drugpubs@nida.nih.gov. Online ordering is available at drugpubs.drugabuse.gov. NIDA’s media guide can be found at www.drugabuse.gov/publications/media-guide/dear-journalist, and its easy-to-read website can be found at www.easyread.drugabuse.gov. You can follow NIDA on Twitter and Facebook.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

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    NIDA. (2014, February 26). Transition services for drug using, HIV-infected inmates leaving jail should be gender-specific. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2014/02/transition-services-drug-using-hiv-infected-inmates-leaving-jail-should-be-gender-specific

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