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On-site HIV testing increases life expectancy in substance abusers and is cost effective

Science Spotlight

October 09, 2012

An NIH-funded study shows that on-site rapid HIV testing has the potential to increases life expectancy for substance abuse treatment patients newly diagnosed with HIV in a cost effective way. Using modeling, this study estimated that life expectancy would be increased from 17.1 years (no on-site test) to 20.8 years (on-site testing with information on the testing procedure). The cost-effectiveness of providing onsite rapid HIV testing was calculated using a model that took into account patient information (CD4 cell counts, viral burden, anti-retroviral therapy regimen, presence of an acute AIDS-defining illness, etc.), costs for medical treatment, and quality-adjusted life year (QALY) – a measure of both the length and  quality of life that accounts for the burden of illness.

HIV Rapid Testing in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs

The study was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and the National Institute of Mental Health. For a copy of the study abstract, go to www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22971593. For best practices in implementing on-site rapid HIV testing, go to the NIDA Blending product, HIV Rapid Testing in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs.

For more information, contact the NIDA press office at media@nida.nih.gov or 301-443-6245.

NIDA Press Office
301-443-6245
media@nida.nih.gov

About the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a component of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIDA supports most of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug use and addiction. The Institute carries out a large variety of programs to inform policy, improve practice, and advance addiction science. Fact sheets on the health effects of drugs and information on NIDA research and other activities can be found at www.drugabuse.gov, which is now compatible with your smartphone, iPad or tablet. To order publications in English or Spanish, call NIDA’s DrugPubs research dissemination center at 1-877-NIDA-NIH or 240-645-0228 (TDD) or email requests to drugpubs@nida.nih.gov. Online ordering is available at drugpubs.drugabuse.gov. NIDA’s media guide can be found at www.drugabuse.gov/publications/media-guide/dear-journalist, and its easy-to-read website can be found at www.easyread.drugabuse.gov. You can follow NIDA on Twitter and Facebook.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

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    NIDA. (2012, October 9). On-site HIV testing increases life expectancy in substance abusers and is cost effective. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2012/10/site-hiv-testing-increases-life-expectancy-in-substance-abusers-cost-effective

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