Number 16, June 2007

This E-news is issued every other month to inform the international drug abuse research community about:

What’s New

International Program and Clinical Trials Network Create INVEST/CTN Fellowships
Application Deadline: September 1, 2007

In addition to the INVEST Drug Abuse Research Fellowships, the NIDA International Program and the Clinical Trials Network have created the INVEST/CTN Fellowships for postdoctoral researchers from other countries. Up to three Fellowships will be awarded in 2007 for 12 months of mentored research with a NIDA grantee affiliated with one of 17 Clinical Trials Network Regional Research and Training Centers.

NIDA International Forum

More than 190 registrants from 35 countries participated in the NIDA International Forum, which was held June 15-18 in Quebec City, Canada. The NIDA International Program, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse cosponsored the meeting. The plenary session focused on technology tools to help drug abuse researchers advance international research. Workshops focused on ethnographic research in HIV/AIDS, inhalants abuse, regional research networks, and web resources supported by NIDA and the National Institutes of Health. More than half of the meeting participants presented their research at a joint NIDA International Forum/College on Problems of Drug Dependence international poster session.

NIDA International Program Awards of Excellence

The NIDA International Program presented awards to honor mentors, researchers, and binational collaborative teams whose efforts support the International Program mission.

  • 2007 Awards of Excellence
    • Excellence in Mentoring
      Wallace Mandell, Ph.D.
      Department of Mental Health,
      Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
    • Excellence in International Leadership
      David S. Metzger, Ph.D.
      University of Pennsylvania
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    • Excellence in Collaborative Research
      Richard S. Schottenfeld, M.D.
      Yale University School of Medicine
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States

      Mahmud Mazlan, M.D.
      Addiction Medicine, Substance Abuse Center
      Maur, Malaysia
  • 2008 Awards of Excellence (Nominations)
    • Nominations for 2008 Awards of Excellence
      Deadline: March 15, 2008

      Nominations should be sent to

International Program Fiscal Year 2006 Annual Report Summary (500KB)
NIDA International Program activities both foster international cooperation on biomedical and behavioral research into drug abuse and addiction and promote the research priorities of other NIDA components.

World Drug Report
The 2007 World Drug Report, issued June 26 by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, reports significant progress in addressing the global epidemic of drug abuse and addiction, but warns that international cooperation is necessary to develop public health approaches to drug abuse prevention and treatment to ensure long-term success. The report documents that at least 1 out of every 200 people in the world suffer from the illness of drug addiction, and calls drug treatment "an investment in the health of our nations as much as treating HIV, diabetes or TB." UNODC calls for development of early detection tests, better therapies, and the integration of drug treatment into public health and social services programs. The World Drug Report includes regional and global statistics on the cultivation, production, trafficking, seizure, pricing, and consumption of opiates, cocaine, cannabis, and amphetamine-type stimulants.

NIDA International Research Interests and Opportunities (4.3MB)
During the June 2007 NIDA International Forum poster session, representatives from nine NIDA components, and the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health presented posters summarizing the units' goals, research interests, international focus, and international funding priorities.

Research Team Supported by INVEST and DISCA Awards Finds Methamphetamine Neurotoxicity is Dose-Dependent and May Permanently Alter White Matter

Researchers from Seoul National University and Harvard University have concluded that altered concentrations of brain metabolites, including N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) and myo-inositol (MI), may indicate neurotoxicity associated with drug abuse. Writing in Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2007;88(1):28-35, the researchers describe proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies that explored differences in brain metabolites between abstinent methamphetamine (MA) abusers and healthy comparison subjects, as well as the associations between metabolite concentrations and clinical characteristics. The research findings suggest that MA-induced metabolic alterations of frontal gray and white matter are dose-dependent, for primarily male subjects, and that the MA-related abnormalities in gray matter may, in part, recover with abstinence, but not those in the white matter. Lead author Young Hoon Sung was a 2005-2006 NIDA INVEST Fellow, working with co-author Perry F. Renshaw, Harvard University and McLean Brain Imaging Center. Another co-author, In Kyoon Lyoo, is a 2007 NIDA Distinguished International Scientist, also working with Dr. Renshaw.

Binational Research Team Supported by NIDA-Dutch Addiction Program Supplement Evaluates Effectiveness of Experimental Treatment

A research team comparing the effectiveness of manualized behavior therapy on school-aged disruptive behavior disordered (DBD) children in everyday clinical practice to care as usual has concluded that the effect size of the experimental treatment was significantly larger when care as usual consisted of family therapy, but there was no significant difference when care as usual consisted of behavior therapy. Writing in Behavior Modification 2007 May;31(3):298-312, Drs. John E. Lochman, University of Alabama, and Walter Matthys, Utrecht, conclude that the comparison of an experimental treatment to care as usual depends on the type of usual treatment.

International Program’s Bibliometric Study Identifies Countries, Funding Sources, and Trends in Drug Abuse Research Articles

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Funding Opportunities

International Research Collaboration on Drug Addiction

The NIDA International Program solicits collaborative research proposals on drug abuse and addiction that take advantage of unusual talent, resources, populations, or environmental conditions in other countries; speed scientific discovery; and meet NIDA research priorities. The Program Announcements expire January 3, 2009. Funds are available for research using three grant mechanisms:

Ongoing NIDA International Program Research and Training Opportunities

Existing NIDA-Supported Funding Opportunities

Other Funding Opportunities

Canadian Government Supports U.S.-Canada Research on Global Health Policy

The 2007-08 Canadian Studies Grant Program aims to enhance and sustain the study of Canada and Canada-U.S. relations; to encourage research, exchanges, teaching, student mobility, and dialogue; and to foster collaboration between researchers in the U.S. and Canada. Grants are available for a number of programs, including writing a research article, conducting dissertation research, developing academic courses, holding conferences, conducting outreach to elementary and secondary school teachers, or expanding library holdings. The 2006-07 Canadian Studies Grant Program provided support to faculty, researchers, and graduate students at 83 universities, colleges, and institutions in 33 states. More than 110 projects were funded on a wide range of topics and in many disciplines. For a list of grant recipients and their projects, see:

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Research Training and Exchange Updates

For current information on NIDA and NIH training and exchange programs, please visit the following Web pages:

Ongoing NIDA International Program Research and Training Exchange Programs

The NIDA International Program orientation for INVEST and Hubert H. Humphrey Drug Abuse Research Fellows was featured in the May 4, 2007 NIH Record, the biweekly newsletter for employees of the National Institutes of Health.

International Neuroscience Fellowship
One to two years of research training in the United States for junior or mid-career level foreign neuroscientists; cosponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA).

Fogarty International Center
The Fogarty International Center, the international component of the NIH, addresses global health challenges through innovative and collaborative research and training programs and supports and advances the NIH mission through international partnerships.

  • FIC Grants Information
  • Programs and Initiatives
  • Program Application Deadlines & Review Cycle Dates
  • Fogarty International Center / Ellison Medical Foundation - Overseas Fellowships in Global Health and Clinical Research

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Calendar of Major Scientific Meetings in Drug Abuse Research

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Press Releases

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Other Items of Interest

NIDA Methadone Research Web Guide

National Library of Medicine (NLM)

NIH Library Research Tools

The following information is being provided for informational purposes only. Reference to any Website listed below does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by NIDA/NIH/HHS.

The Research Assistant
NIDA-funded online research tool for behavioral scientists.

Publishing Addiction Research Internationally:


The International Certification in Addiction Medicine for physicians.

Access to Free or Low Cost Online Publications for Researchers

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Reading Corner

Look here for research articles or other publications that may be of interest to the international drug abuse research community.

  • NIDA Publications for Clinicians
    • Motivational Interviewing Assessment: Supervisory Tools for Enhancing Proficiency (MIA:STEP), tailored for clinical supervisors to train front-line treatment providers to improve their motivational interviewing skills. It also includes a new package of tools designed to enhance patient engagement and retention.
    • Promoting Awareness of Motivational Incentives (PAMI). These tools provide information about the science-based intervention called motivational incentives (low or no-cost reinforcements such as vouchers, prizes and privileges) and describes how the use of positive reinforcement has reduced drug abuse and has enhanced client retention in treatment programs. The PAMI products include support materials, resources, PowerPoint presentations for both clinicians and for policy makers, and an introductory video.
  • PubMed Citations for Former INVEST and Humphrey Drug Abuse Research Fellows
  • Get Automated My NCBI

The following information is being provided for informational purposes only. Reference to any Website listed below does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by NIDA/NIH/HHS.

The International Journal of Drug Policy has published a special issue on HIV treatment and care for injecting drug users. The complete issue is available for free download until October 31 2007, at: The special issue is guest edited by Andrew Ball, World Health Organization; Michel Kazatchkine, The Global Fund; and Tim Rhodes, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Other Recent Publications

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