Epidemiological and social factors of drug problems and other addictive behaviors in Spain
Antonio Molina Fernández
A.J. Molina Fernández1, F. Rueda1, M.J. Fernández-Serrano2, E. Rueda1, B. Aragonés1, C. Mora1. 1Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; 2University of Jaen, Spain
Initially the idea was to develop a General Profile of drug dependencies with the global data drawn from the patients treated in Proyecto Hombre. To do this, a series of indicators from EuropASI were selected to specify that profile. The data collection was done in a transversal way, due to the fact that the EuropASI allows an evolution with a longitudinal trend that we will bring up in future studies (Bobes, 2007). The EuropASI was applied to 3.280 people under treatment (52,8 %). All data extracted from the EuropASI have been used according to direct notes in order to avoid opinion indicators (both from users and from pollsters), because of the difficulty in maintaining the strictest reliability (due to the possibility of checking if the pollsters had noted differently). Given this doubt, we chose to discard all that (otherwise huge) amount of information. We have used quantitative methodology, specifically a descriptive analysis (Corbeta, 2003). Data processing was carried out using SQL software. As a support tool in the statistical analysis, we have used SPSS version 21.0. The variables that have been studied, on which profiles have been built, are: age, gender, marital status, family nucleus, family problems, relationship problems, educational level, source of income, debt / financial problems, use of substances, route of administration, time of consumption, age of onset, previous treatments, disease/HIV, overdose/Delirium Tremens, legal status, criminal history. In the overall profile we have also considered the variables of nationality and origin. Methodology: Quantitative methodology. Data have been analyzed with SPSS 21.0, N= 3210 EuropASI from all Spanish regions. After analyzing the data, there was the possibility of extracting four profiles of individuals under treatment involving different characteristics.