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NIDA

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Estudio de Observación del Futuro: Tendencias en la prevalencia del uso de varias drogas entre los estudiantes de 8th Graders, 10th Graders, and 12th Graders; 2014 - 2017 (en porcentaje)*
Drug Time Period 8º grado 10º grado 12º grado
2014 2015 2016 2017 2014 2015 2016 2017 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alcohol Lifetime 26.80 26.10 [22.80] 23.10 [49.30] 47.10 [43.40] 42.20 [66.00] 64.00 61.20 61.50
Past Year 20.80 21.00 [17.60] 18.20 [44.00] 41.90 [38.30] 37.70 60.20 58.20 55.60 55.70
Past Month 9.00 9.70 [7.30] 8.00 [23.50] 21.50 19.90 19.70 37.40 35.30 33.20 33.20
Daily 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.80 0.50 0.50 0.60 1.90 1.90 [1.30] 1.60
Cigarrillos (cualquier uso) Lifetime 13.50 13.30 [9.80] 9.40 [22.60] [19.90] [17.50] 15.90 [34.40] [31.10] [28.30] 26.60
Past Month 4.00 [3.60] [2.60] [1.90] [7.20] [6.30] [4.90] 5.00 [13.60] [11.40] 10.50 9.70
Daily 1.40 1.30 [0.90] [0.60] [3.20] 3.00 [1.90] 2.20 [6.70] [5.50] 4.80 4.20
1/2-pack+/day 0.50 0.40 0.30 0.20 1.20 1.00 [0.60] 0.70 [2.60] 2.10 1.80 1.70
E-cigarrillos Past Month 8.70 9.50 6.20 - 16.20 14.00 11.00 - 17.10 16.20 12.50 -
Any Vaping Lifetime - 21.70 17.50 18.50 - 32.80 29.00 30.90 - 35.50 33.80 35.80
Past Year - - - 13.30 - - - 23.90 - - - 27.80
Past Month - 8.00 6.20 6.60 - 14.20 11.00 13.10 - 16.30 12.50 16.60
Tabaco sin humo Lifetime 8.00 8.60 6.90 6.20 13.60 12.30 10.20 9.10 15.10 13.20 14.20 [11.00]
Past Month 3.00 3.20 2.50 [1.70] 5.30 4.90 3.50 3.80 8.40 6.10 6.60 [4.90]
Daily 0.50 0.80 0.60 0.40 1.80 1.60 1.00 0.60 3.40 2.90 2.70 2.00
Uso de cualquier droga ilícita Lifetime 20.30 20.50 [17.20] 18.20 37.40 [34.70] 33.70 34.30 49.10 48.90 48.30 48.90
Past Year 14.60 14.80 [12.00] 12.90 29.90 27.90 26.80 27.80 38.70 38.60 38.30 39.90
Past Month 8.30 8.10 [6.90] 7.00 18.50 [16.50] 15.90 17.20 23.70 23.60 24.40 24.90
Sales de baño Past Year [0.50] 0.40 0.90 0.50 0.90 0.70 0.80 0.40 0.90 1.00 0.80 0.60
Cocaína Lifetime 1.80 1.60 1.40 1.30 2.60 2.70 2.10 2.10 4.60 4.00 3.70 4.20
Past Year 1.00 0.90 0.80 0.80 1.50 1.80 1.30 1.40 2.60 2.50 2.30 2.70
Past Month 0.50 0.50 0.30 0.40 0.60 0.80 0.40 0.50 1.00 1.10 0.90 1.20
Cocaína crack Lifetime 1.20 1.00 0.90 0.80 [1.00] 1.10 0.80 0.80 1.80 1.70 1.40 1.70
Past Year 0.70 0.50 0.50 0.50 [0.50] 0.70 [0.40] 0.60 1.10 1.10 0.80 1.00
Past Month 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.30 0.70 0.60 0.50 0.60
GHB Past Year - - - - - - - - 1.00 0.70 0.90 0.40
Alucinógenos Lifetime 2.00 2.00 1.90 1.90 5.00 4.60 4.40 4.20 6.30 6.40 6.70 6.70
Past Year 1.30 1.30 1.20 1.10 3.30 3.10 2.90 2.80 4.00 4.20 4.30 4.40
Past Month 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.50 1.20 0.90 0.90 1.10 1.50 1.60 1.40 1.60
Heroína Lifetime 0.90 [0.50] 0.50 0.70 0.90 0.70 0.60 0.40 1.00 0.80 0.70 0.70
Past Year 0.50 [0.30] 0.30 0.30 0.50 0.50 0.30 0.20 0.60 0.50 0.30 0.40
Past Month 0.30 0.10 0.20 0.20 0.40 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.40 0.30 0.20 0.30
Inhalantes Lifetime 10.80 [9.40] [7.70] [8.90] 8.70 [7.20] 6.60 6.10 6.50 5.70 5.00 4.90
Past Year 5.30 4.60 [3.80] [4.70] 3.30 2.90 2.40 2.30 1.90 1.90 1.70 1.50
Past Month 2.20 2.00 1.80 2.10 1.10 1.20 1.00 1.10 0.70 0.70 0.80 0.80
K2 / Especias (marihuana sintética) Past Year 3.30 3.10 2.70 [2.00] [5.40] 4.30 3.30 2.70 [5.80] 5.20 3.50 3.70
Ketamine Past Year - - - - - - - - 1.50 1.40 1.20 1.20
LSD Lifetime 1.10 1.30 1.20 1.30 2.60 3.00 3.20 3.00 3.70 4.30 4.90 5.00
Past Year 0.70 0.90 0.80 0.90 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.10 2.50 2.90 3.00 3.30
Past Month 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.30 0.60 0.60 0.70 0.80 1.00 1.10 1.00 1.20
Marihuana/hachís Lifetime 15.60 15.50 [12.80] 13.50 33.70 [31.10] 29.70 30.70 44.40 44.70 44.50 45.00
Past Year 11.70 11.80 [9.40] 10.10 [27.30] 25.40 23.90 25.50 35.10 34.90 35.60 37.10
Past Month 6.50 6.50 [5.40] 5.50 16.60 14.80 14.00 [15.70] 21.20 21.30 22.50 22.90
Daily 1.00 1.10 [0.70] 0.80 [3.40] 3.00 2.50 2.90 5.80 6.00 6.00 5.90
MDMA Lifetime 1.40 2.30 [1.70] 1.50 [3.70] [3.80] [2.80] 2.80 5.60 [5.90] [4.90] 4.90
Past Year 0.90 1.40 [1.00] 0.90 [2.30] [2.40] [1.80] 1.70 3.60 [3.60] [2.70] 2.60
Past Month 0.40 0.50 0.30 0.40 [0.80] 0.90 [0.50] 0.50 1.40 1.10 0.90 0.90
Metanfetamina Lifetime 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.70 1.40 1.30 [0.70] 0.90 1.90 1.00 1.20 1.10
Past Year 0.60 0.50 0.40 0.50 0.80 0.80 [0.40] 0.40 1.00 0.60 0.60 0.60
Past Month 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.50 0.40 0.30 0.30
PCP Lifetime - - - - - - - - - - - -
Past Year - - - - - - - - 0.80 1.40 1.30 1.00
Past Month - - - - - - - - - - - -
Rohypnol Lifetime 0.60 0.80 0.90 0.60 1.00 0.50 1.00 0.70 - - - -
Past Year 0.30 0.30 0.50 0.40 0.50 0.20 0.50 0.30 0.70 1.00 1.10 0.80
Past Month 0.20 0.10 0.20 0.10 0.40 0.10 0.30 0.00 - - - -
Salvia Past Year [0.60] 0.70 0.90 [0.40] 1.80 1.20 0.90 0.90 [1.80] 1.90 1.80 1.50
Cualquier Medicamentos Recetados Lifetime - - - - - - - - [19.90] 18.30 18.00 16.50
Past Year - - - - - - - - [13.90] 12.90 12.00 10.90
Past Month - - - - - - - - 6.40 5.90 5.40 4.90
Adderall Past Year 1.30 1.00 1.50 1.30 4.60 5.20 4.20 4.00 6.80 7.50 6.20 5.50
Anfetamina Lifetime 6.70 6.80 [5.70] 5.70 10.60 9.70 8.80 8.20 12.10 10.80 10.00 9.20
Past Year 4.30 4.10 3.50 3.50 7.60 6.80 6.10 5.60 8.10 7.70 6.70 5.90
Past Month 2.10 1.90 1.70 1.70 3.70 [3.10] 2.70 2.50 3.80 3.20 3.00 2.60
Medicamentos para la tos (sin prescripción) Past Year [2.00] 1.60 2.60 2.10 3.70 3.30 3.00 3.60 4.10 4.60 4.00 3.20
Narcóticos distintas de la heroína Lifetime - - - - - - - - [9.50] [8.40] 7.80 6.80
Past Year - - - - - - - - [6.10] 5.40 4.80 4.20
Past Month - - - - - - - - [2.20] 2.10 1.70 1.60
OxyContin Past Year [1.00] 0.80 0.90 0.80 3.00 2.60 2.10 2.20 3.30 3.70 3.40 2.70
Ritalin Past Year 0.90 0.60 0.80 [0.40] 1.80 1.60 1.20 0.80 1.80 2.00 [1.20] 1.30
Esteroides Lifetime 1.00 1.00 0.90 1.10 1.40 1.20 1.30 1.10 1.90 2.30 [1.60] 0.60
Past Year 0.60 0.50 0.50 0.60 0.80 0.70 0.70 0.70 1.50 1.70 [1.00] 1.10
Past Month 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.30 0.30 0.90 1.00 0.70 0.80
Tranquilizantes Lifetime 2.90 3.00 3.00 3.40 5.80 5.80 6.10 6.00 7.40 6.90 7.60 7.50
Past Year 1.70 1.70 1.70 2.00 3.90 3.90 4.10 4.10 4.70 4.70 4.90 4.70
Past Month 0.80 0.80 0.80 0.70 1.60 1.70 1.50 1.50 2.10 2.00 1.90 2.00
Vicodina Past Year 1.00 0.90 0.80 0.70 3.40 2.50 1.70 1.50 4.80 4.40 [2.90] [2.00]