Revised February 2018
Opioid-Related Overdose Deaths
Opioid-related overdose deaths in Illinois have increased proportionately with national rates. From 1999 to 2016, the rate increased from 3.9 to 15.3 deaths per 100,000 persons—equivalent to 483 and 1,947 annual deaths statewide. The number of heroin-related deaths nearly quadrupled from 269 deaths in 2012 to 1040 deaths in 2016. Overdose deaths attributed to synthetic opiods also increased dramatically during the same period from 84 to 907 deaths (CDC WONDER).
Opioid Pain Reliever Prescriptions
In 2015, 8 million opioid prescriptions were filled in Illinois (60 opioid prescriptions per 100 persons)—down 10 percent compared to 2013 and less than the national rate of 70 opioid prescriptions per 100 persons (IMS Health, 2016).
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)
In 2015, the rate of NAS in Illinois was an estimated 2.5 NAS cases per 1,000 live births, affecting 373 newborn infants born in Illinois that year. There was a 42 percent increase in the NAS rate between 2011 and 2015 in Illinois.
The rise in NAS rates varies across the state. Between 2011 and 2015, NAS rates increased by 62 percent in the collar counties (the five counties that border Chicago's Cook County), 69 percent in urban counties outside the Chicago area, and 212 percent in rural counties. In comparison, there was a 23 percent decline in NAS rates in Chicago and 8 percent increase in NAS rates in suburban Cook County (Chicago’s county) during this time-period (IL Dept. of Public Health).
HIV Prevalence and HIV Diagnoses Attributed to Injection Drug Use (IDU)
- U.S. Incidence: In 2015, 9.1 percent (3,5941) of the 39,513 new diagnoses of HIV in the United States were attributed to IDU. Among new cases, 8.2 percent (2,6141) of cases among men and 13.2 percent (980) of cases among women were transmitted via IDU (CDC).
- U.S. Prevalence: In 2014, 955,081 Americans were living with a diagnosed HIV infection—a rate of 299.5 per 100,000 persons. Of these, 18.1 percent (131,0561) of males and 22.6 percent (52,013) of females were living with HIV attributed to IDU (CDC).
- State Incidence: Of the new HIV cases in 2015, 1,472 occurred in Illinois, with 5.0 percent1 of new cases in males and 12.0 percent of new cases in females attributed to IDU (AIDSVu).
- State Prevalence: In 2014, an estimated 34,843 persons were living with a diagnosed HIV infection in Illinois—a rate of 324 per 100,000 persons. Of these, 17.1 percent1 of males and 25.0 percent of females were living with HIV attributed to IDU (AIDSVu).
Hepatitis C (HCV) Prevalence and HCV Diagnoses Attributed to Injection Drug Use
- U.S. Incidence: In 2015, there were 181,871 reported cases of chronic HCV and 33,900 estimated cases of acute HCV2 (CDC). Where data were available, 64.2 percent of acute cases reported IDU (CDC).
- U.S. Prevalence: An estimated 3.5 million Americans are living with HCV, including approximately 2.7 million living with chronic infections (CDC).
- State Incidence: In 2015, Illinois reported 8,696 cases of chronic HCV and 31 cases of acute HCV (0.2 cases per 100,000 persons) (CDC).
- State Prevalence: Current state prevalence data are not available. As of 2010, an estimated 68,400 (710 cases per 100,000) persons were living with HCV in Illinois (HepVu).
The National Institute of Health Funds Center of Excellence in Pain Education
Illinois is home to one of the eleven Centers of Excellence in Pain Education (CoEPEs): The Southern Illinois University Edwardsville/St. Louis University Center of Excellence in Pain Education. The CoEPEs act as hubs for the development, evaluation, and distribution of pain management curriculum resources for medical, dental, nursing, pharmacy and other schools to improve how health care professionals are taught about pain and its treatment.
- Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH), Prescription Opioids and Heroin and IDPH Data
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Opioid Overdose
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Annual Surveillance Report of Drug-Related Risks and Outcomes (2017)
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Behavioral Health Barometer Illinois, Volume 4 (2017)
- Includes transmission to individuals with injection drug use as a risk factor.
- 2015 estimate after adjusting for under-ascertainment and under-reporting. Data for 2015 were unavailable for Alaska, Arizona, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Iowa, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Wyoming.
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