Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. Although health care providers can use it for valid medical purposes, such as local anesthesia for some surgeries, cocaine is an illegal drug. As a street drug, cocaine looks like a fine, white, crystal powder. Street dealers often mix it with things like cornstarch, talcum powder, or flour to increase profits. They may also mix it with other drugs such as the stimulant amphetamine. Read the DrugFacts
Statistics and Trends
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- The Reward Circuit: How the Brain Responds to Cocaine (February 2016)
NIDA Therapy Manuals for Cocaine Addiction (Archives):
- Manual 1: A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction
- Manual 2: A Community Reinforcement Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction
- Manual 3: An Individual Drug Counseling Approach to Treat Cocaine Addiction: The Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study Model
- Manual 4: Drug Counseling for Cocaine Addiction: The Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study Model
- Manual 5: Brief Strategic Family Therapy for Adolescent Drug Abuse
- MEDLINEplus Health Information on Drug Abuse - National Library of Medicine, NIH
- www.abovetheinfluence.com - Office of National Drug Control Policy
- healthfinder.gov - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Past information on many drugs of abuse is available on our Archives site.
Clinical trials are research studies in human volunteers conducted to answer specific health questions. Learn about the NIH-sponsored clinical trials available to you.
- NIDA Clinical Trial Locator - answer a few simple questions and get contact information for Clinical Trials near you.
Other Clinical Trials information sources:
- NIH Clinical Trials and You - NIH site that helps explain about clinical trials and why people participate.
- NIDA Trials at ClinicalTrials.gov - a resource of federally and privately supported clinical trials.
- Clinical Research Studies from the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) - a NIDA coordinated network of research institutions conducting human trials on drug abuse solutions.
- Research Studies at NIDA Intramural Research Program - located in Baltimore, Maryland.
Emerging Trends & Alerts
Get more information on Emerging Trends and Alerts, we will update this page with the latest research findings as they develop.
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NIDA. (). Cocaine. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/cocaine
Describes the latest research findings on cocaine, exploring the scope of abuse in the U.S., its potential long- and short-term health effects, maternal cocaine use, and treatment approaches.
Find information about addiction and mental health services in your area. You can search by state or zip code online or call the number. (SAMHSA)