Prevention Research

Principles of Substance Abuse Prevention for Early Childhood

This guide, intended for parents, practitioners, and policymakers, begins with a list of 7 principles addressing the specific ways in which early interventions can have positive effects on development; these principles reflect findings on the influence of intervening early with vulnerable populations, on the course of child development, and on common elements of early childhood programs.

New biological clues linking social connectedness to reduced drug craving and relapse

This rodent study offers the first mechanistic explanation for the protective effect of social interaction related to incubation of craving, showing for the first time the role of a specific enzyme (PKCδ) in any learned or motivated behavior, as well as the critical role of a peptide in the brain’s central amygdala (somatostatin).

E-Cigarette Characteristics May Influence Use and Are Potential Targets for Regulatory Policy

People's decisions to use e-cigarettes, as well as perceptions about associated risks, are influenced by the e-cigarettes' nicotine levels and available flavors. The influence of these characteristics on decision-making and perceived risk differs between people who smoke cigarettes and people who do not smoke.

The Strong African American Families Program Improves Lives of Rural African American Youth

This video highlights the Strong African American Families Program, a prevention program targeted at 10- to 14-year-old rural African American youths and their families. Numerous studies have shown that the program can improve supportive parenting practices as well as reduce the adolescents’ high-risk behaviors, conduct problems, health risks, and risk of continued poverty.

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