Motivational Interviewing (MI) To Improve Treatment Engagement and Outcome in Subjects Seeking Treatment for Substance Abuse
A considerable body of research has shown strong support for the usefulness of motivational interventions in initiating treatment and in reducing use of alcohol, cigarettes, and abused drugs. This study examined the effectiveness of integrating Motivational Interviewing (MI) techniques into the initial contact and evaluation session for substance users entering outpatient treatment across five community-based treatment settings. Clients were randomized to receive either the standard intake/evaluation session at each site, or an intake session in which MI techniques and strategies were integrated.
Carroll, K., et al. (2006). Motivational interviewing to improve treatment engagement and outcome in individuals seeking treatment for substance abuse: A multisite effectiveness study. Drug & Alcohol Dependence 81: 301-312.