Revised January 2013
A Comparison of Two Reentry Strategies for Drug Abusing Juvenile Offenders (Reentry)
PI: Nancy Jainchill, Ph.D. (U01DA016201)
The Two Reentry Strategies study responds to the critical need to implement, evaluate, and identify effective reentry programs for adolescents with substance use problems involved in the juvenile justice system. The study involved two phases.
Phase 1 was a short-term project involving a cross sectional assessment of drug-involved youths receiving treatment in justice system residential facilities. Its purpose was to classify juveniles based on whether their substance use was a primary problem or was secondary to other problems such as psychiatric disorders, criminal involvement, or experience of physical, sexual, or psychological trauma.
Phase 2 was a longer-term study comparing two reentry protocols: Cognitive Restructuring (CR), and alternative aftercare services (AAS) in regard to post-reentry treatment outcomes. This study examined interactions of these programs with the youth profiles identified in Phase 1.
Detention To Community (DTC): A Family-Based Substance Abuse, Delinquency and HIV Prevention Intervention for Juvenile Offenders
PI: Howard Liddle, Ph.D. (R01DA015995)
Drug abuse and related risk behaviors by young offenders are among the nation’s most urgent public health priorities. While there have been important advances in the development of specialized treatments for the constellation of risk behaviors associated with teen drug abuse in the past decade, little progress has been made in addressing the overwhelming problem of drug abuse and related risk behaviors among juvenile detainees.
Specific aims for this study included:
- Adapting existing science-based interventions to develop specialized services that will address drug abuse, delinquency, and sexual risk taking among juvenile detainees.
- Testing an innovative, phasic, multiple-systems intervention in which the in-detention work provides a platform for the adolescent’s return to the community.
- Testing a family-based HIV/AIDS prevention intervention in comparison to standard HIV prevention.
Outlines NIDA’s drug abuse and addiction research strategic priorities for the next 5 years, focusing on prevention, treatment, HIV/AIDS, and other cross-cutting issues.