Addiction: A chronic, relapsing disease characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and abuse despite adverse consequences. It is associated with long-lasting changes in the brain.
Adrenal glands: Glands located above each kidney that secrete hormones, e.g., adrenaline.
Carcinogen: Any substance that causes cancer.
Craving: A powerful, often uncontrollable desire for drugs.
Dopamine: A neurotransmitter present in regions of the brain that regulate movement, emotion, motivation, and feelings of pleasure.
Emphysema: A lung disease in which tissue deterioration results in increased air retention and reduced exchange of gases. The result is difficulty breathing and shortness of breath.
Neurotransmitter: A chemical that acts as a messenger to carry signals or information from one nerve cell to another.
Nicotine: An alkaloid derived from the tobacco plant that is primarily responsible for smoking’s psychoactive and addictive effects.
Pharmacokinetics: The pattern of absorption, distribution, and excretion of a drug over time.
Tobacco: A plant widely cultivated for its leaves, which are used primarily for smoking; the N. tabacum species is the major source of tobacco products.
Withdrawal: A variety of symptoms that occur after chronic use of an addictive drug is reduced or stopped.