Published January 1997. Revised January 2009.
Describes how opiates, such as Vicodin, morphine, heroin, and codeine, affect the brain, the nervous system, and the limbic system, which controls emotions. En Español
Published June 2009. Revised May 2013.
Provides an overview of commonly abused prescription drugs—opioids, central nervous system depressants, and stimulants—and explains how they affect the brain, treatments available, and reported use.
Revised April 2013.
Offers an overview of salvia, an herb common to southern Mexico, Central, and South America. Discusses potential health and behavioral effects resulting from its abuse and the extent of use among youth.
Published January 2011. Revised December 2012.
Provides information about spice, a family of herbal mixtures that produce effects similar to that of marijuana, including how it is used, potential health effects, and public health concerns.
Revised June 2009.
Offers basic facts about stimulant ADHD medications—methylphenidate and amphetamines—including their role in the treatment of ADHD, their affect on the brain, and the extent of abuse.
Published November 2012.
The term “bath salts” refers to an emerging family of drugs containing one or more synthetic chemicals related to cathinone, an amphetamine-like stimulant found naturally in the Khat plant.
Revised January 2007.
The first in a 5-part series, offers an understanding of the brain, how the reward center works, and what happens in the brain when a person uses cocaine, opiates (heroine), or marijuana.