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Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction: What Science Says

3: HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and other infectious diseases

HIV-AIDs, Hepatitis and Other Infectious Diseases

Drug injectors who do not enter treatment are up to six times more likely to become infected with HIV than injectors who enter and remain in treatment. Drug abusers who enter and continue in treatment reduce activities that can spread disease, such as sharing injection equipment and engaging in unprotected sexual activity. Participation in treatment also presents opportunities for screening, counseling, and referral for additional services. The best drug abuse treatment programs provide HIV counseling and offer HIV testing to their patients.

This page was last updated January 2007