5: Protective factors
Certain protective factors also have been identified. These factors are not always the opposite of risk factors. Their impact also varies along the developmental process. The most salient protective factors include:
- strong family bonds,
- parental monitoring,
- parental involvement,
- success in school performance,
- prosocial institutions (e.g., such as family, school, and religious organizations), and
- conventional norms about drug use.
Explores the consequences of drug abuse on the brain and body and introduces the topics of prevention, and treatment.