En español


Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction: What Science Says

5: Protective factors

List of Protective Factors

Certain protective factors also have been identified. These factors are not always the opposite of risk factors. Their impact also varies along the developmental process. The most salient protective factors include:

  • strong family bonds,
  • parental monitoring,
  • parental involvement,
  • success in school performance,
  • prosocial institutions (e.g., such as family, school, and religious organizations), and
  • conventional norms about drug use.

This page was last updated January 2007

Teaching Packets

Explores the consequences of drug abuse on the brain and body and introduces the topics of prevention, and treatment.

Featured Publication

Featured Publication

Drugs, Brains, and Behavior - The Science of Addiction

As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a disease that affects both brain and behavior.

Ordering Publications

Call 1-877-643-2644 or:

NIDA Drug Pubs