2: Positron emission tomography (PET) scan of a person using cocaine
Cocaine has other actions in the brain in addition to activating the brain's reward circuitry. Using brain imaging technologies, such as PET scans, scientists can see how cocaine actually affects brain function in people. PET allows scientists to see which areas of the brain are more or less active by measuring the amount of glucose that is used by different brain regions. Glucose is the main energy source for the brain. When brain regions are more active, they will use more glucose and when they are less active they will use less. The amount of glucose that is used by the brain can be measured with PET scans. The left scan is taken from a normal, awake person. The red color shows the highest level of glucose utilization (yellow represents less utilization and blue indicated the least). The right scan is taken from someone who is on cocaine. The loss of red areas in the right scan compared to the left (normal) scan indicates that the brain is using less glucose and therefore is less active. This reduction in activity results in disruption of many brain functions.
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National Institute of Drug Abuse (2007). 2: Positron emission tomography (PET) scan of a person using cocaine. In Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction: What Science Says. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/teaching-packets/understanding-drug-abuse-addiction/section-ii/2-positron-emission-tomography-pet-scan-person-us
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