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Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs

Common Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs

Classic Hallucinogens*

photo of LSD

LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide)— also known as acid, blotter, doses, hits, microdots, sugar cubes, trips, tabs, or window panes—is one of the most potent mood- and perception- altering hallucinogenic drugs. It is a clear or white, odorless, water-soluble material synthesized from lysergic acid, a compound derived from a rye fungus. LSD is initially produced in crystalline form, which can then be used to produce tablets known as “microdots” or thin squares of gelatin called “window panes.” It can also be diluted with water or alcohol and sold in liquid form. The most common form, however, is LSD-soaked paper punched into small individual squares, known as “blotters.”

photo of Psilocybin

Psilocybin(4-phosphoryloxy-N,N-dimethy-ltryptamine)—also known as magic mushrooms, shrooms, boomers, or little smoke—is extracted from certain types of mushrooms found in tropical and subtropical regions of South America, Mexico, and the United States. In the past, psilocybin was ingested during religious ceremonies by indigenous cultures from Mexico and Central America. Psilocybin can either be dried or fresh and eaten raw, mixed with food, or brewed into a tea, and produces similar effects to LSD.

Dissociative Drugs

photo of PCP

PCP (Phencyclidine)—also known as ozone, rocket fuel, love boat, hog, embalming fluid, or superweed—was originally developed in the 1950s as a general anesthetic for surgery. While it can be found in a variety of forms, including tablets or capsules, it is usually sold as a liquid or powder. PCP can be snorted, smoked, injected, or swallowed. It is sometimes smoked after being sprinkled on marijuana, tobacco, or parsley.

photo of Ketamine

Ketamine—also known as K, Special K, or cat Valium—is a dissociative currently used as an anesthetic for humans as well as animals. Much of the ketamine sold on the street has been diverted from veterinary offices. Although it is manufactured as an injectable liquid, ketamine is generally evaporated to form a powder that is snorted or compressed into pills for illicit use. Because ketamine is odorless and tasteless and has amnesia-inducing properties, it is sometimes added to drinks to facilitate sexual assault.

photo of DXM

DXM (Dextromethorphan)—also known as robo—is a cough suppressant and expectorant ingredient in some over-the-counter (OTC) cold and cough medications that are often abused by adolescents and young adults. The most common sources of abused DXM are “extra-strength” cough syrup, which typically contains around 15 milligrams of DXM per teaspoon, and pills and gel capsules, which typically contain 15 milligrams of DXM per pill. OTC medications that contain DXM often also contain antihistamines and decongestants.

photo of Salvia divinorum

Salvia divinorum—also known as diviner’s sage, Maria Pastora, Sally-D, or magic mint—is a psychoactive plant common to Southern Mexico and Central and South America. Salvia divinorum (salvia) is typically ingested by chewing fresh leaves or by drinking their extracted juices. The dried leaves of salvia can also be smoked or vaporized and inhaled.

Street Names for Select Hallucinogenic and Dissociative Drugs

LSD
  • acid
  • blotter
  • dots
  • sugar
  • trips
  • window pane
Ketamine
  • vitamin K
  • bump
  • green
  • K/Special K
  • purple
  • super acid
PCP
  • angel/angel dust
  • boat/love boat
  • peace
  • killer weed
  • super grass
  • ozone

*In this report, the term “hallucinogen” will refer to the classic hallucinogenic drugs LSD and Psilocybin.

This page was last updated January 2014

Common Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs

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National Institute of Drug Abuse (2014). Common Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs. In Hallucinogens and Dissociative Drugs. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/hallucinogens-dissociative-drugs/what-are-dissociative-drugs

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