NIDA wishes to thank the following individuals for their helpful comments during the review of this publication:
Tina Burrell, M.A.
Washington State Department of Social and Health Services
Missouri Department of Mental Health
Vermont Department of Health
Michael L. Dennis, Ph.D.
Chestnut Health Systems
Rochelle Head-Dunham, M.D.
Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals
Scott W. Henggeler, Ph.D.
Medical University of South Carolina
Sharon Levy, M.D., M.P.H.
Children’s Hospital Boston
Kenneth J. Martz, Psy.D., CAS
Pennsylvania Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs
Kathy Paxton, M.S.
West Virginia Bureau for Behavioral Health and Health Facilities
Paula D. Riggs, M.D.
University of Colorado School of Medicine
As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a disease that affects both brain and behavior.