- Read the Background section of this module for more information about the effects of nicotine and alcohol on the brain and body.
- Provide students with the Module 2 magazine Legal Doesn’t Mean Harmless for background knowledge.
- Determine which activities you want the class to complete.
- Arrange for computer lab time or prepare the classroom computer for students’ Internet and CD-ROM use.
- Photocopy and pass out the “Nicotine and the Brain” and the “Alcohol and the Brain” worksheets for students to complete during the lecture.
- Prepare transparencies and photocopies for the lesson.
- Cut out puzzle pieces for Activity 1.
Before giving students time to review the magazine, begin with the following activity. Working as a class or in small groups, ask students to generate a list of all the drugs and medicines they can think of in 2 minutes. Then review students’ lists and circle all the drugs that are legal.* Ask students to share examples from their lists. Provide these important definitions:
- A drug is any substance that changes the way the body or brain functions.
- Some drugs are legal for adults but illegal for children and teens. Other drugs, such as cocaine, are illegal for everyone.
- The most widely used legal drugs for adults are alcohol and nicotine, which is found in tobacco.
Tell students that the goal of this lesson is to learn about how nicotine and alcohol change the brain. Legal doesn’t always mean harmless!
Time: 15 - 20 minutes
Supplies: Transparencies of diagrams, if needed
Handouts: Module 2 magazine (PDF, 2MB)
Reading: Give students adequate time to read the student magazine. Have students pay particular attention to the following sections: Background, Stats and Facts, and Science in the Spotlight.
Discussion: After students have read the magazine, facilitate a discussion about nicotine and alcohol by using the following questions. If necessary, review this information with your students using the diagrams provided.
Nicotine and Alcohol
- What changes in the brain cause nicotine withdrawal symptoms?
- How does alcohol affect learning and memory?
- What are possible consequences from drinking a lot of alcohol in a short period of time?
- How does alcohol affect thinking, planning, and decision-making?
As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a disease that affects both brain and behavior.