An Introduction to the Brain and Nervous System (Module 1)
You can also download this entire module in PDF format by clicking the following link: Module 1 (PDF, 796KB)
This introductory module of the Brain Power! Challenge Program is designed to help students learn about the parts of the brain, the functions of these parts, and how the brain communicates with the rest of the body. The process of neurotransmission is described in detail. This module provides a key foundation for the next five modules, which will discuss the impact of specific drugs on the body and the brain.
Students will refer to the information covered in this introductory module throughout the entire Brain Power! curriculum. If the students did not participate in the Brain Power! The NIDA Junior Scientists Program for grades K - 5, the information in this module may need to be covered in greater depth.
At the end of this module:
- Students can name the main parts of the brain: the cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, cerebellum, brain stem, and limbic system.
- Students can identify the lobes of the cerebral cortex: frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal.
- Students can explain the functions of the major brain parts.
- Students can identify the components of a neuron: cell body, dendrites, and axon.
- Students can explain the process of neurotransmission.