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Addiction Science: From Molecules to Managed Care

Animal studies show a difference in response to drugs of abuse in early-exposed "adolescents."

Animal studies show a differential response to drugs of abuse in early-exposed

Rats first exposed to nicotine as adolescents self-administer nicotine more often and in higher total doses per session than rats first exposed as adults. Corresponding and persistent changes in the brain were also found in those animals that were exposed early to nicotine.

This page was last updated July 2008

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Drugs, Brains, and Behavior - The Science of Addiction

As a result of scientific research, we know that addiction is a disease that affects both brain and behavior.

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