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NIDA Notes

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NIDA Notes keeps you up to date on research advances in the causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment of drug abuse and addiction and HIV/AIDS.

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Dr. David Jentsch Receives the 2011 Waletzky Memorial Award (July 2012)

Dr. J. David Jentsch is the recipient of the 2011 Jacob P. Waletzky Memorial Award for Innovative Research in Drug Addiction and Alcoholism. Dr. Jentsch and colleagues at the University of California, Los Angeles, are studying genetic and neurochemical factors that influence individual differences in inhibitory control.

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Investigators Map Functional Networks in the Rat Brain (June 2012)

Researchers have mapped the fundamental functional organization of the rat brain and shown that it resembles that of the human brain.

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Elevated Rates of Drug Abuse Continue for Second Year (June 2012)

Illicit drug use in the United States in 2010 was at its highest level since 2002, according to the most recent report from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. A rise in marijuana use drove the increase. A favorable trend of falling cocaine use continued.

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Desire to Smoke Subsides, But Cigarette Cues Retain Power (April 2012)

During early abstinence, smokers’ cravings triggered by cigarette cues intensified over time, providing evidence that people can experience a phenomenon previously observed in experiments with animals

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Well-Known Mechanism Underlies Benzodiazepines' Addictive Properties (April 2012)

New research establishes that benzodiazepines cause addiction in a way similar to that of opioids, cannabinoids, and the club drug GHB. The discovery opens the door to designing new benzodiazepines that counteract anxiety but are not addictive.

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Tobacco Smokers Have High Probability of Transition to Dependence (April 2012)

First-time smokers have a much higher chance of eventually becoming dependent than first-time users alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine.

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High Rates of Job Leaving Among Addiction Counselors (April 2012)

Substance abuse counselors and clinical supervisors disclosed high job turnover rates in a survey of 27 treatment organizations.

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Physical Activity Reduces Return to Cocaine Seeking in Animal Tests (April 2012)

Two independent animal studies suggest that aerobic exercise might help cocaine abusers establish and maintain abstinence.

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Research Focuses on Groups With High Smoking Rates (April 2012)

Dr. Volkow discusses NIDA’s efforts to develop effective antismoking treatments for populations with persistently high rates of smoking, such as people with psychiatric disorders, high school dropouts, and Native Americans.

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Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program (April 2012)

NIDA’s Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program focuses on gender-specific addiction risk factors and treatment needs.

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