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NIDA Notes

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NIDA Notes keeps you up to date on research advances in the causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment of drug abuse and addiction and HIV/AIDS.

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Neuroscience Education Program Encourages Learning at All Ages (July 2012)

Eight scientists have received National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants to develop K-12 education programs that will engage young people in learning about the brain, inspire some to pursue careers in biomedical science, and increase teacher knowledge of neuroscience. The 5-year grants are funded by the NIH Blueprint for Neuroscience Research Science Education.

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Buprenorphine During Pregnancy Reduces Neonate Distress (July 2012)

Sublingual buprenorphine is a safe and effective alternative to methadone for treating opioid dependence during pregnancy, finds the Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research (MOTHER) study, a NIDA-supported clinical trial. Women who received either medication had similar pregnancy and birth outcomes, but infants born to women who received buprenorphine had milder symptoms of neonatal opioid withdrawal.

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Dr. David Jentsch Receives the 2011 Waletzky Memorial Award (July 2012)

Dr. J. David Jentsch is the recipient of the 2011 Jacob P. Waletzky Memorial Award for Innovative Research in Drug Addiction and Alcoholism. Dr. Jentsch and colleagues at the University of California, Los Angeles, are studying genetic and neurochemical factors that influence individual differences in inhibitory control.

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Elevated Rates of Drug Abuse Continue for Second Year (June 2012)

Illicit drug use in the United States in 2010 was at its highest level since 2002, according to the most recent report from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. A rise in marijuana use drove the increase. A favorable trend of falling cocaine use continued.

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Investigators Map Functional Networks in the Rat Brain (June 2012)

Researchers have mapped the fundamental functional organization of the rat brain and shown that it resembles that of the human brain.

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High Rates of Job Leaving Among Addiction Counselors (April 2012)

Substance abuse counselors and clinical supervisors disclosed high job turnover rates in a survey of 27 treatment organizations.

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Physical Activity Reduces Return to Cocaine Seeking in Animal Tests (April 2012)

Two independent animal studies suggest that aerobic exercise might help cocaine abusers establish and maintain abstinence.

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Research Focuses on Groups With High Smoking Rates (April 2012)

Dr. Volkow discusses NIDA’s efforts to develop effective antismoking treatments for populations with persistently high rates of smoking, such as people with psychiatric disorders, high school dropouts, and Native Americans.

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Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program (April 2012)

NIDA’s Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research Program focuses on gender-specific addiction risk factors and treatment needs.

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Antiretroviral Treatment Reduces Spread of HIV Among Injection Drug Users (April 2012)

Expanded use of antiretroviral therapy in British Columbia reduced the spread of HIV among injection drug users and others in the province.

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