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NIDA Notes

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NIDA Notes keeps you up to date on research advances in the causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment of drug abuse and addiction and HIV/AIDS.

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Addiction and Co-Occurring Mental Disorders (February 2007)

Presents an overview of the research underway to investigate medication and behavioral therapies for co-occurring disorders.

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Studies Focus on Acculturation and Hispanic Youth (February 2007)

Summarizes a study that analyzes factors associated with the risk of drug addiction among 19- to 21-year-old Hispanic women born in the United States as compared with immigrants.

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Behavioral Response to Novelty Foreshadows Neurological Response to Cocaine (February 2007)

Describes evidence supporting the view that developmental differences in brain systems that use the neurotransmitter dopamine underlie age differences in susceptibility to drug abuse.

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Nicotine Alters the Developing Rat Brain (February 2007)

Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.

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Medical Care During Addiction Treatment Reduces Hospital Use (February 2007)

Reports on an analysis comparing three types of addiction treatment programs: methadone maintenance programs, long-term residential programs, and nonmethadone programs.

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Cocaine Abusers' Pretreatment Cue Responses Predict Recovery Success (February 2007)

Reports on the work of researchers who used brain images to correlate cocaine-addicted patients' regional brain responses to drug cues with their outcomes in subsequent treatment.

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Study Finds Withdrawal No Easier With Ultrarapid Opiate Detox (October 2006)

Presents findings from a clinical trial comparing ultrarapid, anesthesia-assisted detoxification with detoxification by traditional methods among patients addicted to heroin.

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Brain Mechanism Turns Off Cocaine-Related Memory in Rats (October 2006)

Describes a series of experiments that have added to evidence that a brain enzyme controls key memory processes that link drug experiences, the surroundings in which they take place, and the urge to repeat them.

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Stress Response May Underlie African- Americans' Reduced Pain Tolerance (October 2006)

Summarizes research suggesting a physiological difference as the explanation for African-Americans' reported low tolerance for pain.

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Marijuana Smoking Is Associated With a Spectrum Of Respiratory Disorders (October 2006)

Highlights two studies suggesting significant associations between marijuana smoking and respiratory disease.

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