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NIDA Notes

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NIDA Notes keeps you up to date on research advances in the causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment of drug abuse and addiction and HIV/AIDS.

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Incentives Reduce Stimulant Abuse During Methadone Maintenance (April 2007)

Summarizes a study on the use of incentives to encourage abstinence among methadone maintenance patients in outpatient programs.

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Studies Focus on Acculturation and Hispanic Youth (February 2007)

Summarizes a study that analyzes factors associated with the risk of drug addiction among 19- to 21-year-old Hispanic women born in the United States as compared with immigrants.

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Behavioral Response to Novelty Foreshadows Neurological Response to Cocaine (February 2007)

Describes evidence supporting the view that developmental differences in brain systems that use the neurotransmitter dopamine underlie age differences in susceptibility to drug abuse.

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Nicotine Alters the Developing Rat Brain (February 2007)

Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.

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Medical Care During Addiction Treatment Reduces Hospital Use (February 2007)

Reports on an analysis comparing three types of addiction treatment programs: methadone maintenance programs, long-term residential programs, and nonmethadone programs.

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Cocaine Abusers' Pretreatment Cue Responses Predict Recovery Success (February 2007)

Reports on the work of researchers who used brain images to correlate cocaine-addicted patients' regional brain responses to drug cues with their outcomes in subsequent treatment.

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How Drug Abuse Affects the Brain and Alters Behavior Are Key Questions Driving Division's Work (February 2007)

Discusses the work of NIDA’s Division of Basic Neuroscience and Behavioral Research, the Institute’s locus for studies into the fundamental brain mechanisms underlying drug abuse and addiction.

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Videos Help Treat Deaf People (February 2007)

Reviews a training DVD that presents dialectical behavior therapy skills being taught by deaf clinicians to deaf consumers as an approach to improve deaf people's access to behavioral health care.

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Brain Changes Accompany Cocaine Withdrawal (February 2007)

Summarizes an animal study of the neural changes in the amygdala portion of the brain that occur as a result of cocaine exposure followed by withdrawal of the drug.

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Cocaine Craving Activates Brain Reward Structures; Cocaine "High" Dampens Them (February 2007)

Reports on a study that documenting changing emotional and neurobiological responses to cocaine with successive doses during a single session of drug taking.

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