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NIDA Notes

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NIDA Notes keeps you up to date on research advances in the causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment of drug abuse and addiction and HIV/AIDS.

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Medications That Normalize Brain Glutamate Reduce Drug-Seeking in Rats (October 2010)

Reports on two studies that demonstrate the promise of treating addiction with medications that alleviate drug-induced alterations in signaling by the neurotransmitter glutamate.

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NIDA Curriculum Piques Students' Interest in Addiction Careers (October 2010)

Describes an eight-module web-based curricula that introduces addition research to graduate students of nursing, dentistry, and medicine.

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Brain Opioid Receptor Levels Predict Time to Cocaine Relapse (October 2010)

Describes study findings revealing that cocaine abusers who maintain high levels of a certain receptor in their brain during early abstinence relapse sooner than abusers whose levels drop.

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Brain Adaptation May Dampen Effects of Cocaine (October 2010)

Reports evidence that a cocaine-induced change in the structure of brain cells represents an adaptive response that may limit the drug’s impact.

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Neuroimaging Challenges Common Assumption of Public Service Messaging (October 2010)

Describes a study of smokers' brain function while they watched antismoking PSAs and findings suggesting that calmer ads may be more effective.

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French Government Honors Dr. Volkow (October 2010)

Announces the 2009 International Prize, awarded by the French Institute of Health and Medical Research, to NIDA Director Dr. Nora D. Volkow.

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Lower Levels of Dopamine-Regulating Receptors Among Novelty Seekers (October 2010)

Describes research results reporting that people who favor novelty have lower-than-average availability of a receptor that inhibits dopamine's release from neurons, which likely stimulates the activity of reward circuits.

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Crack Cocaine Promotes Progression of HIV Infection to AIDS (October 2010)

Reports on two studies showing a high prevalence of HIV infection and more rapid progression to disability and death among drug abusers.

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Treatment Patterns Vary Among People With Co-Occurring Disorders Based on Type of Treatment System Entered (October 2010)

Presents a summary of a study that followed individuals who entered mental health crisis or substance abuse detoxification residential centers in San Francisco and the types of treatment they received.

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Four Scientists Receive Avant-Garde Awards (October 2010)

Recognizes four scientists for the 2009 Avant-Garde Award for HIV research, an award intended to stimulate groundbreaking research for the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS in drug abusers.

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