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NIDA Notes

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NIDA Notes keeps you up to date on research advances in the causes, consequences, prevention, and treatment of drug abuse and addiction and HIV/AIDS.

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Drug Abuse at Highest Level in Nearly a Decade (December 2010)

Reports on 2009 data indicating a rise in drug abuse in the United States and the factors that may have contributed to this increase.

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Incentives Promote Abstinence (December 2010)

Explores research findings on the value of motivational incentives to promote and reinforce abstinence from substances of abuse and encourage healthy behaviors.

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High, Persistent Rates of Risky Sexual Behaviors in Delinquent Youth (October 2010)

Reports study findings that show young people who have gotten into trouble with the criminal justice system report high rates of sexual behaviors that increase risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

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Dr. Kathleen T. Brady Recognized (October 2010)

Recognizes the 2010 Distinguished University Professor awardee, Dr. Kathleen T. Brady, who studies co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders and their treatment.

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Adolescent Cigarette Smoking Holds at Lowest Recorded Levels (October 2010)

Discusses 2009 prevalence rates of cigarette, alcohol, prescription drug, and illicit drug use among adolescents and discusses trends in use over time.

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Medications That Normalize Brain Glutamate Reduce Drug-Seeking in Rats (October 2010)

Reports on two studies that demonstrate the promise of treating addiction with medications that alleviate drug-induced alterations in signaling by the neurotransmitter glutamate.

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NIDA Curriculum Piques Students' Interest in Addiction Careers (October 2010)

Describes an eight-module web-based curricula that introduces addition research to graduate students of nursing, dentistry, and medicine.

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Brain Opioid Receptor Levels Predict Time to Cocaine Relapse (October 2010)

Describes study findings revealing that cocaine abusers who maintain high levels of a certain receptor in their brain during early abstinence relapse sooner than abusers whose levels drop.

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Brain Adaptation May Dampen Effects of Cocaine (October 2010)

Reports evidence that a cocaine-induced change in the structure of brain cells represents an adaptive response that may limit the drug’s impact.

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Neuroimaging Challenges Common Assumption of Public Service Messaging (October 2010)

Describes a study of smokers' brain function while they watched antismoking PSAs and findings suggesting that calmer ads may be more effective.

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