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Report Calls for Sweeping Changes in Health Care for Mental and Substance Abuse Problems

February 2007
Reviews a report from the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine that discusses ways to improve the quality of health care among people with mental health and substance abuse disorders.

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Addiction and Co-Occurring Mental Disorders

February 2007

Presents an overview of the research underway to investigate medication and behavioral therapies for co-occurring disorders.

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Studies Focus on Acculturation and Hispanic Youth

February 2007
Summarizes a study that analyzes factors associated with the risk of drug addiction among 19- to 21-year-old Hispanic women born in the United States as compared with immigrants.

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Behavioral Response to Novelty Foreshadows Neurological Response to Cocaine

February 2007
Describes evidence supporting the view that developmental differences in brain systems that use the neurotransmitter dopamine underlie age differences in susceptibility to drug abuse.

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Nicotine Alters the Developing Rat Brain

February 2007
Describes animal studies that suggested exposure to the drug during gestation or adolescence may cause lasting alterations in reward and motivation circuits.

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Medical Care During Addiction Treatment Reduces Hospital Use

February 2007
Reports on an analysis comparing three types of addiction treatment programs: methadone maintenance programs, long-term residential programs, and nonmethadone programs.

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Study Finds Withdrawal No Easier With Ultrarapid Opiate Detox

October 2006
Presents findings from a clinical trial comparing ultrarapid, anesthesia-assisted detoxification with detoxification by traditional methods among patients addicted to heroin.

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Brain Mechanism Turns Off Cocaine-Related Memory in Rats

October 2006
Describes a series of experiments that have added to evidence that a brain enzyme controls key memory processes that link drug experiences, the surroundings in which they take place, and the urge to repeat them.

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Stress Response May Underlie African- Americans' Reduced Pain Tolerance

October 2006

Summarizes research suggesting a physiological difference as the explanation for African-Americans' reported low tolerance for pain.

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Marijuana Smoking Is Associated With a Spectrum Of Respiratory Disorders

October 2006
Highlights two studies suggesting significant associations between marijuana smoking and respiratory disease.

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