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NIDA Notes Articles

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Lofexidine May Enhance Naltrexone Efficacy

December 2008

Highlights results from a pilot study suggesting that lofexidine, an anti-hypertensive medication, can enhance success rates among patients taking maintenance naltrexone to avoid opioid relapse.

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Imaging Studies Elucidate Neurobiology of Cigarette Craving

December 2008

Reports on three separate imaging studies illuminating the neurobiology of cigarette craving.

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Selenium Shows Promise as an Adjunct Therapy for HIV

December 2008

Reports on a randomized controlled trial of HIV-infected men and women who, as a result of receiving selenium supplements, experienced lower HIV viral load and greater CD4 cell count.

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NIDA Centers Raise Physicians' Awareness of Drug Abuse Issues

December 2008

Highlights four Centers of Excellence for Physician Information designed to increase physicians' awareness of research on the medical consequences of drug abuse and addiction and incorporate research findings into clinical practice.

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Fewer Young Adults Abuse Cocaine and Methamphetamine, National Survey Finds

December 2008

Reports prevalence rates of illicit drug abuse among youths and young adults based on 2007 data from a national survey of drug use and health.

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Long-Term Cocaine Self-Administration Depresses Brain Activity

December 2008

Discusses research exploring how widespread the reduction of neural activity is in the brain with chronic exposure to cocaine.

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Brain Proteins Differ in Cocaine-Overdose Victims

December 2008

Describes research findings showing differences in protein concentrations in the brain pleasure centers of people who died from cocaine overdose as compared with those who did not abuse the drug.

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New Vaccines Are Being Developed Against Addiction and Relapse

December 2008

Highlights NIDA-funded research to develop vaccines against addiction to drugs such as cocaine, nicotine, phencyclidine (PCP), and methamphetamine.

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Immune System Plays Unexpected Role in Brain Development

September 2008

Describes research findings demonstrating that the immune system participates in the shaping of brain circuits during a child's development, a finding that may shed light on the origins of neurodegenerative diseases.

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Basic Science Discoveries Yield Novel Approaches to Analgesia

September 2008

Describes research to develop new compounds that match or exceed the pain relief provided by opioids while avoiding their shortcomings.

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