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NIDA Notes Articles: Evidence-Based Practices

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Incentives Reduce Stimulant Abuse During Methadone Maintenance

April 2007

Summarizes a study on the use of incentives to encourage abstinence among methadone maintenance patients in outpatient programs.

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Computer-Based Interventions Promote Drug Abstinence

November 2009

Discusses the work of researchers who have begun to harness the potential of computers to reinforce and expand upon the well-established benefits of recovery therapy delivered by a counselor.

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Prison Use of Medications for Opioid Addiction Remains Low

July 2011

Describes results from a nationwide survey among correctional facilities on the use of opioid replacement therapy for people who are addicted to heroin.

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Computer-Based Intervention Offers Good Value for Money

July 2011

Reports on researchers who demonstrated the economic value of a computer-based treatment as an adjunct to standard addiction therapy.

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Intensive Interventions Reduce Risky Sexual Behaviors

July 2011
Discusses research that compares multiple sessions of motivational and behavioral training with that of a single intervention among male and female substance abusers to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors.

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NIDA Recognizes Developer of a New Business Model for Science

November 2011
Dr. Redonna K. Chandler of NIDA receives the Institute's 2011 Innovator Award for developing a method that fosters collaboration and data sharing on various studies of HIV in criminal justice populations.

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Program Helps Troubled Boys Reduce Substance Abuse

December 2011

Chronically delinquent boys in Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care reduced their substance abuse more than boys assigned to Community Group Care.

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Cognitive Strategy Reduces Craving by Altering Brain Activity

April 2012

While viewing images of cigarettes, smokers reported milder cravings when they shifted their focus from the pleasures of smoking to its harmful effects. Brain imaging showed a correlation between the reductions in craving and altered activity levels in regions associated with emotional regulation and reward.

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Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

April 2012
A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.

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Vouchers Improve Mothers’ Smoking Abstinence and Newborns’ Weight

April 2012

Pregnant women who received financial incentives to refrain from smoking during late pregnancy were more successful at remaining abstinent and less likely to have babies with low birth weight, according to data from three trials.

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