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NIDA Notes Articles: People with Drug Use Disorders

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Reduced Longevity Among Male Heroin Abusers, 1962-1997

June 2008

Reviews the changing lifespan of heroin abusers as compared with that of the general U.S. population based on 1962-1997 data.

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Recovery Checkup System Helps Substance Abusers Who Have Mental Disorders

December 2009

Reports on a posttreatment intervention to support recovery that may be especially beneficial for substance abusers with co-occurring mental disorders.

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Program Enhances Physician Knowledge on Substance Abuse

December 2010
Reports on an evaluation of the Chief Resident Immersion Training (CRIT) program to assess its effectiveness in improving knowledge, confidence, and preparedness to diagnose, manage, and teach about substance abuse.

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Physical Activity Reduces Return to Cocaine Seeking in Animal Tests

April 2012

Two independent animal studies suggest that aerobic exercise might help cocaine abusers establish and maintain abstinence.

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PhenX Toolkit Provides Standard Measures for Research

July 2012
NIDA researchers working with human subjects now have a new resource at their fingertips: the PhenX Toolkit’s new Substance Abuse and Addiction (SAA) Collection. The Toolkit is designed to provide standardized measures, vetted and approved by the field, to help researchers compare and combine data from multiple studies.

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Patch Delivers Buprenorphine for Heroin Detox

November 2009

Describes research on the effectiveness of a buprenorphine patch to alleviate opioid withdrawal symptoms of newly abstinent heroin abusers.

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Oxycodone Vaccine Passes Early Tests

May 2013

A new vaccine hindered the often-abused prescription opioids oxycodone and hydrocodone from entering the brain and suppressed one of the drugs’ signature central nervous system effects. The findings warrant continued development of the vaccine as a potential aid in the treatment of oxycodone and hydrocodone abuse and dependence.

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NIDA Launches Criminal Justice Publication in Chicago

October 2006

Highlights a publication that outlines 13 research-based principles of successful treatment of drug abusers in the criminal justice system.

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NIDA Cosponsors Mentoring Service for Clinicians Advising Substance-Abusing Patients

July 2011

Highlights a free service that provides primary care clinicians with advice from experts in addiction medicine on addressing substance abuse with patients in the primary care setting.

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Nicotine Makes Mouse Brain More Responsive to Cocaine

February 2013

Nicotine sensitizes the mouse brain to the addictive effects of cocaine, according to recent NIDA-supported research. The results accord with the hypothesis that a person’s initial use of an addictive substance physiologically sensitizes his or her brain to the rewarding and addictive effects of other substances. If the findings carry over to people, then preventing youths from smoking might reduce their vulnerability to cocaine abuse and addiction, and cocaine-dependent individuals might ease their path to recovery by quitting smoking.

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