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NIDA Notes Articles: Epidemiology

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Smoking and Drinking Continue to Decline, But Marijuana Stalls in Latest MTF Survey

October 2009

Highlights trends from a 2008 survey of teenage substance abuse, cigarette smoking and alcohol use and discusses the implications of these changing data.

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Self-Control Protects Urban Minority Youths From Drug Use and Depressive Mood

July 2014

Interventions that bolster self-control in childhood and early adolescence might shield ethnic and racial minority adolescents and young adults from the burden of both drug use and depressive mood.

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Reduced Longevity Among Male Heroin Abusers, 1962-1997

June 2008

Reviews the changing lifespan of heroin abusers as compared with that of the general U.S. population based on 1962-1997 data.

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Problem Behaviors Can Signal Risk in Prescribing Opioids to Teens

July 2013

Researchers found that 1 in 8 high school seniors had used a prescription opioid nonmedically, and 70 percent of these teens had compounded the attendant risk by co-ingesting an opioid with one or more other drugs. Nonmedical opioid use was significantly more prevalent among whites than among African Americans or Hispanics.

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Prevention System Has Lasting Effects, Benefit Exceeds Costs

July 2012

Towns that implemented a drug abuse prevention program called Communities That Care will see a return of $5.30 for each $1 they invested during the 5-year trial of the intervention, according to a cost-benefit analysis. The estimate is based on reductions in smoking and delinquency observed during the fourth year of the study among eighth-graders and the projected total costs of smoking, delinquency, and crime avoided over the lifetimes of study participants.

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Nicotine Dependence Linked to Higher Rates of Mental Disorders Among Teens

March 2012
A study of teenagers in Chicago public schools finds higher rates of psychiatric disorders among those with more symptoms of nicotine dependence.

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Most People Entering Drug Treatment Have Additional Mental Health Problems

November 2009

Highlights data on the prevalence of people entering substance abuse treatment programs who also reported having at least one co-occurring mental health problem.

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Menthol May Strengthen Nicotine Addiction

March 2011
Reports on a study of Latino and African-American smokers of menthol cigarettes who did not benefit as much from a month-long smoking cessation program as smokers of non-menthol cigarettes.

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Marijuana Linked With Testicular Cancer

December 2010
Reports on a study of close to 400 Washington State men that found that those who use marijuana may increase their risk for developing testicular cancer.

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Lower Rates of Cigarette and Marijuana Smoking Among Exercising Teens

October 2009

Highlights prevalence rates of cigarette and marijuana smoking among teens who exercise regularly as compared with their less active peers.

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