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NIDA Notes Articles: Prevention

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School-Wide Program Reduces Problem Behaviors and Improves Academic Outcomes

October 2010

Reports on a school-centered program for social and emotional development that was credited with reducing rates of substance abuse, violent behavior, and voluntary sexual activity among primary school children.

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Parental Supervision and Genetics Interact To Influence Nicotine Addiction

December 2010

Reviews research indicating that both parental influence and certain genes interact to influence nicotine addiction and that parental monitoring may play a role in reducing risk.

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Prevention Program Averts Initiation of Alcohol and Tobacco Use

March 2011
Describes a community focused prevention program that aids towns in lowering rates of delinquency, initiation of alcohol and tobacco use, and binge drinking among middle school students.

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Prevention Program Reduces Later Risky Sexual Behaviors

March 2011
Reports on a school-based drug abuse prevention program showing that teens who participate in the program are less likely than their peers to engage in risky sexual behavior as young adults.

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Intensive Interventions Reduce Risky Sexual Behaviors

July 2011
Discusses research that compares multiple sessions of motivational and behavioral training with that of a single intervention among male and female substance abusers to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors.

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Drugs Contribute to High Rates of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Juvenile Offenders

July 2011

Describe a study of newly arrested youths where researchers found correlations between the youths' prevalence of these sexually transmitted diseases and their cocaine and marijuana use.

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Individual Differences in Decisionmaking Style May Predict Teen Problems

December 2011

Reports on the relative influence of genes versus environment on adolescents’ choices that involve delayed gratification.

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Program Helps Troubled Boys Reduce Substance Abuse

December 2011

Chronically delinquent boys in Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care reduced their substance abuse more than boys assigned to Community Group Care.

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Peers Increase Teen Driving Risk via Heightened Reward Activity

March 2012
Adolescent, but not adult, drivers are more likely to take risks when peers are watching, a new study suggests.

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Home Visits by Nurses to Low-Income First-Time Mothers Yield Enduring Benefits

April 2012
A program involving home visits by nurses to low-income first-time mothers, starting during pregnancy and extending into the second year of their children’s lives, has a positive and long-lasting impact on families. Children who participated in the program were less likely than others to report having used alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana at age 12.

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